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Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs

Joe Offer 22 Mar 00 - 08:38 PM
Uncle_DaveO 22 Mar 00 - 09:12 PM
canoer 22 Mar 00 - 11:27 PM
Stewie 23 Mar 00 - 12:28 AM
Stewie 23 Mar 00 - 12:35 AM
Amos 23 Mar 00 - 12:41 AM
catspaw49 23 Mar 00 - 12:44 AM
Joe Offer 23 Mar 00 - 02:12 AM
canoer 23 Mar 00 - 11:37 AM
Joe Offer 23 Mar 00 - 02:57 PM
Hollowfox 23 Mar 00 - 03:38 PM
GUEST,Pat Lamanna 23 Mar 00 - 08:25 PM
canoer 23 Mar 00 - 09:58 PM
northfolk/al cholger 23 Mar 00 - 10:24 PM
Stewie 24 Mar 00 - 12:55 AM
GUEST,Dusty Braces Portland IWW 24 Mar 00 - 02:06 AM
Joe Offer 24 Mar 00 - 02:12 AM
Stewie 24 Mar 00 - 03:19 AM
Joe Offer 24 Mar 00 - 03:36 AM
Stewie 24 Mar 00 - 08:23 AM
Stewie 24 Mar 00 - 09:10 AM
Stewie 24 Mar 00 - 09:34 AM
Fountainfox 24 Mar 00 - 12:10 PM
Joe Offer 27 Jul 00 - 10:11 PM
Dani 16 Jan 01 - 02:37 PM
Stewart 16 Jan 01 - 03:03 PM
Stewart 16 Jan 01 - 03:22 PM
McGrath of Harlow 16 Jan 01 - 04:57 PM
Dani 16 Jan 01 - 05:02 PM
GUEST,Amergin@work 16 Jan 01 - 05:23 PM
McGrath of Harlow 16 Jan 01 - 06:22 PM
Haruo 16 Jan 01 - 06:58 PM
sian, west wales 17 Jan 01 - 04:35 AM
McGrath of Harlow 17 Jan 01 - 10:25 AM
Dani 17 Jan 01 - 12:41 PM
Dani 17 Jan 01 - 12:48 PM
Stewart 17 Jan 01 - 02:39 PM
Joe Offer 17 Jan 01 - 09:02 PM
Stewie 12 Feb 01 - 08:30 PM
Joe Offer 18 Mar 01 - 04:04 AM
Dani 18 Mar 01 - 08:31 AM
dick greenhaus 18 Mar 01 - 11:45 AM
Hollowfox 19 Mar 01 - 10:37 AM
GUEST,Ced2 19 Mar 01 - 11:22 AM
George Seto - af221@chebucto.ns.ca 01 Sep 01 - 11:21 AM
masato sakurai 01 Sep 01 - 11:56 AM
Jim Dixon 07 Oct 01 - 12:59 PM
Joe Offer 08 Oct 01 - 03:47 AM
Genie 15 Jan 02 - 03:13 AM
masato sakurai 15 Jan 02 - 10:15 AM
Jerry Rasmussen 15 Jan 02 - 12:45 PM
masato sakurai 15 Jan 02 - 09:28 PM
Haruo 16 Jan 02 - 12:18 AM
masato sakurai 16 Jan 02 - 01:05 AM
Rolfyboy6 16 Jan 02 - 01:24 AM
Genie 28 Jan 02 - 08:55 PM
dick greenhaus 28 Jan 02 - 09:06 PM
Jim Dixon 29 Jan 02 - 11:54 AM
W y s i w y G ! 22 Apr 05 - 08:00 AM
Azizi 22 Apr 05 - 09:12 AM
Azizi 22 Apr 05 - 09:16 AM
GUEST,WYSIWYG 22 Apr 05 - 09:48 AM
Q 21 Jan 09 - 10:00 PM
Bob the Postman 11 Oct 09 - 04:55 PM
Bob the Postman 12 Oct 09 - 04:01 PM
GUEST,Judith, Seattle 14 Jul 10 - 11:28 PM
Mark Ross 15 Jul 10 - 12:31 AM
GUEST,Steve 15 Jul 10 - 07:52 AM
Goose Gander 15 Jul 10 - 01:45 PM
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Subject: Lyr Add: I'LL BE SINGIN' UP THERE^^
From: Joe Offer
Date: 22 Mar 00 - 08:38 PM

We touched on this in a thread with a generic title, and it seemed like it might be an interesting topic to explore. Many U.S. civil rights and labor songs are parodies of early songs, particularly gospel songs. I'm wondering how many we can come up with, and if we can find their original versions.
Here's "I'LL BE SINGIN UP THERE," which is obviously the origin of If You Miss Me At the Back of the Bus

I'LL BE SINGIN UP THERE

CHORUS:
I'll be singing up there,
I'll be singing up there,
Come on up to bright glory,
I'll be singing up there.

If you miss me singing [praying, etc.] down here,
If you miss me singing down here,
Come on up to bright glory,
I'll be singing up there,


Got others?
-Joe Offer-



I'll be adding links to the songs you post, if I find 'em and you haven't.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Uncle_DaveO
Date: 22 Mar 00 - 09:12 PM

Two that come immediately to mind:

Pie in the Sky, of course
We Shall Not be Moved (as a union song)

Dave Oesterreich


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: canoer
Date: 22 Mar 00 - 11:27 PM

"I'm so glad, I'm fighting for my rights,
Singing Glory Hallelujah, I'm so glad."

To the tune Wayfarin' Stranger: "They Say that Freedom is a Constant Struggle"

To the tune You've Got to Walk that Lonesome Valley: "You've Got to Go Down, and Join the Union"

Keep Your Eyes on the Prize, Hold On & Keep Your Hands on the Plow

"Ain't Gonna Let No-Body Turn Me A-Round"

Nice thread. Maybe I'll come up with some more. I know they're out there. "Pharoah's Army got Drownded" (O Mary Don't You Weep) .

L.C.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewie
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 12:28 AM

Fowke and Glazer 'Songs of Work and Protest' refer to quite a number. To cite a few:

Solidarity Forever - John Brown's Body which in turn was from 'Say Brother Will You Meet Us'

'Union Train' - 'The Old Ship of Zion' (this one?)

We Shall Not be Moved - I Shall Not be Moved

Casey Jones (trad) - Casey Jones - Union Scab (Joe Hill)

Roll the Union On - 'Roll the Chariot On'

Which Side Are You On - 'Lay Lily Low'/'Jack Munro'

'We Are Building a Strong Union' - We Are Climbing Jacob's Ladder

Dump the Bosses off Your Back - What a Friend we have in Jesus

There Is Power in the Union' -There Is Power in the Blood of the Lamb

--Stewie.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewie
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 12:35 AM

Sorry, 'Casey Jones' shouldn't be there - forgot Joe referred only to gospel. The others fit the bill though.

--Stewie.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Amos
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 12:41 AM

I believe "A Miner's Life Is Like a Sailor's" also comes from a Protestant hymn, but I don't recall which.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: catspaw49
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 12:44 AM

I was enjoying this thread and your excellent list Stewie, and when I read Casey Jones, I thought "What?" Thanks for the second post. I mean really Stewie, so much of your stuff is so great that I was willing to believe there was some way that Casey WAS a hymn!!!

Spaw


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 02:12 AM

The challenge goes a little farther - I'm looking for the original lyrics, and not just for their titles. If you can find the lyrics and they're not in the database, please post 'em. It can be a lot of fun (and impress a lot of audiences) if you can sing the original version of a familiar song.
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: canoer
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 11:37 AM

Joe, you mean the original _gospel_ lyrics, right?


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 02:57 PM

Yup.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Hollowfox
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 03:38 PM

(Slight thread creep warning) It's been a while since I read this, so I'm not sure if this takes the song from the labor movement to the civil rights movement, but I think it does: Hold the Fort! the story of a song from the sawdust trail to the picket line (1971, Smithsonian Institution Press; part of the Smithsonian Studies in History & Technology series (#9)


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Pat Lamanna
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 08:25 PM

"Life Is Like a Mountain Railroad" (Life's Railway to Heaven)/Miner's Lifeguard


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: canoer
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 09:58 PM

Joe, I want you to know that I like the idea of this thread very much. I just don't have time to do the work necessary to contribute right now!

Sorry -- Larry C.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: northfolk/al cholger
Date: 23 Mar 00 - 10:24 PM

Stewie, I'll support the Trad. Casey Jones link to the Casey Jones, Union Scab...may fit the category,

as possibly one of the...

this may be a stretch...

but I'm willing to go there...

Battle Hymns of the REPUBLICANS...


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewie
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 12:55 AM

Norfolk, right on, comrade!

--Stewie.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Dusty Braces Portland IWW
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 02:06 AM

It's not so much a matter of gospel origins per se, as tunes everyone knows.I know at least three sets of lyrics set to the old fiddle tune Red Wing, Workingmen Unite, Union Maid, and Earth First Maid. Almost every song in the traditional Wobblie canon is set to either a Hymn (which in those days were commonly sung by the majority of people), or a well known popular song. Battle Hymn of the Republic is a perfect example, from John Brown's Body through the UFW version of Solidarity Forever. Having spent a fair amount of time trying to stir up a ruckus at actions and pickets, I'm here to testify, they gotta be comfortable with the tune and they gotta have the lyrics in front of em or they aint gonna sing! But oh, when they do there's no finer noise made by human throat
For the One Big Song Circle, Dusty


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 02:12 AM

Here's Preacher and the Slave (Pie in the Sky), a parody of In the Sweet Bye and Bye.

This is fun. You can see that I've linked to many of the songs above. The ones that aren't linked means we probably don't have the lyrics. If you can provide, I'm sure the Digital Tradition would be grateful.

-Joe Offer-


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Subject: Lyr Add: UNION TRAIN^^
From: Stewie
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 03:19 AM

Here's the lyrics to Union Train:

UNION TRAIN (Lee Hays/Almanac Singers)

Oh, what is that I see yonder coming, coming, coming
Oh, what is that I see yonder coming, coming, coming
What is that I see yonder coming, coming, coming
Get on board! Get on board!

It's that union train a-coming, coming, coming (3)
Get on board! Get on board!

It has saved a-many a thousand, thousand, thousand (3)
Get on board! Get on board!

It will carry us to freedom, freedom, freedom (3)
Get on board! Get on board!

What is that I see yonder coming, coming, coming
Get on board! Get on board!

It's that union train a-coming, coming, coming (3)
Get on board! Get on board!

Copyright People's Songs Inc 1947.

Inspired by Southern Tenant Farmers Union organising sharecroppers and farm labourers in the cotton country of the Mississippi Delta. Many of them were black workers who sang their childhood hymns at union meetings. At a meeting in Memphis, after they had sung 'The Old Ship of Zion', a woman sang a new verse to the tune. Later, Lee Hays added more verses and the 'Union Train' began to roll. [Paraphrase of note by Fowke and Glazer].

I found an 'Old Ship of Zion' at the shape note site, but I doubt if it's the right one.

--Stewie.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 03:36 AM

Hi, Stewie - I'll betcha the tune for "Old Ship of Zion" and "Union Train" is This One (click). Am I right?
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewie
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 08:23 AM

I am afraid not, Joe - nothing so complicated. It wasn't the one I found either. There seems to be a number of hymns with that title. However, with the help of a mate, I have tracked it down. There's a version on Leadbelly's 'Last Sessions' on Folkways. It has the same simple structure as the union song with verses like:

It has landed many thousand (3) Get on board! Get on board!

I will sit right down when I get home(3) Get on board! Get on board!

I am sure someone will be able to post the full lyrics. I do not have the album, but I can borrow it from my friend if no one can supply.

--Stewie.


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Subject: Lyr Add: WE ARE BUILDING A STRONG UNION^^
From: Stewie
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 09:10 AM

The lyrics to 'We are building a strong union' are:

WE ARE BUILDING A STRONG UNION

We are building a strong union
We are building a strong union
We are building a strong union
Workers in the mill!

Every member makes us stronger (3)
Workers in the mill!

We won't budge until we conquer (3)
Workers in the mill!

We shall rise and gain our freedom (3)
Workers in the mill!

We are building a strong union (3)
Workers in the mill!

This song came out of a strike in Marion, North Carolina, in 1929.

[The mention of the name of that town reminds me of a humorous song called 'Entering Marion']

--Stewie.


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Subject: Lyr Add: THE ABOLITIONIST HYMN^^
From: Stewie
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 09:34 AM

Here's another one:

THE ABOLITIONIST HYMN

We ask not that the slave should lie
As lies his master, at his ease
Beneath a silken canopy
Or in the shade of blooming trees

We ask not 'eye for eye' that all
Who forge the chain and ply the whip
Should feel their torture while the thrall
Should wield the scourge of mastership

We mourn not that the man should toil;
'Tis nature's need, 'tis God's decree;
But let the hand that tills the soil
Be, like the wind that fans it, free

This was from Abolitionist anti-slavery singing circles in the years just before the Civil War. It was set to an old hymn: 'Old Hundred'.

--Stewie.


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Subject: Lyr Add: IN THE PIT FROM SIN SET FREE^^
From: Fountainfox
Date: 24 Mar 00 - 12:10 PM

How about a song that's almost union and gospel in one?

IN THE PIT FROM SIN SET FREE

1. In the pit from sin set free, sudden death would glory be,,
That is why we sing with glee, "Jesus saves.",
We black diamonds for them get, though they cause us all to sweat,,
There's salvation for them yet, Jesus saves.,

CHORUS: Jesus saves, Jesus saves, Jesus saves, Jesus saves,
from the fear of pit explosion, Jesus saves.,
When our work on earth is done and our race on earth is run,
We'll go singing 'round the Throne, Jesus saves.,

2. In spite of all their rubs, and the deputy who snubs,,
As we wait for empty tubs, Jesus saves.,
Whether the coal be soft or hard, working by by the hour or yard,,
perfect peace is our reward, Jesus saves.

I Xeroxed this at our library seven or eight years ago, but am pretty much quoting it here from memory. (I think quoting from memory is one way songs accrete variations over the years) The notes accompanying the song, which was in a book in the Christian rather than folk music section, said it had appeared in at least one Baptist Hymnal in the earlier twentieth century. The coal-mining connections and sentiments are obvious.

I have no facility for putting the melody in. In fact, this is my first venture with HTML breaks and I'm curious to see whether I understood it.


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Subject: Origin: We Shall Overcome
From: Joe Offer
Date: 27 Jul 00 - 10:11 PM

My Sing Out! reprints book says "We Shall Overcome" is an adaptation of an African American gospel song - adaptation was by Lucille Simmons and members of the Food & Tobacco Workers Union (Charleston, SC), Zilphia Horton, Frank Hamilton, Guy Carawan, Pete Seeger, and the Southern Civil Rights Movement.
This song, which has become almost an unofficial theme song of the integration movement in the South, is an adaptation of an old hymn. A number of years ago, members of the CIO Food and Tobacco Workers Union introduced the song at the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tennessee. At the height of the successful Montggomery (Alabama) bus boycott led by Rev. Martin Luther King, a few years back, it was sung by Negroes in the face of a hostile mob - and television cameras caught the simple, moving dignity of the song and the people who sang it for the entire nation to see and hear.
My question: what gospel song did "We Shall Overcome" come from, and can somebody post the lyrics?
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Dani
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 02:37 PM

Let me finish the job I'm working on and I'll fill in some blanks!

Dani

ps - refresh if I forget!


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Subject: Lyr Add: I'LL BE ALL RIGHT^^
From: Stewart
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 03:03 PM

I'll Be All Right was an old gospel song that got adapted by the Food & Tobacco Workers, as a strike song in Charleston, SC, 1946, sung by Lucille Simmons. Zilphia Horton introduced it to the Highland Folk School, where later Pete Seeger published it in "Peoples Songs", and with Guy Carawan and Frank Hamilton it evolved to We Shall Overcome.

I"LL BE ALL RIGHT

I'll be all right, well, I'll be all right,
Well, I'll be all right some day,
All of my troubles will be over,
And I'll be free at last,
Well, I'll be all right some day.

I'll be all right, I'll be all right,
I'll be all right someday.
If in my heart,
I do not yield,
I'll be all right some day.

I'll sing my song.....
I'll overcome....
I'll fly away....
I'm going home....

Cheers, S. in Seattle


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewart
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 03:22 PM

Here's the tune to I'LL BE ALL RIGHT. CLICK HERE.

This is in "Freedom Is a Constant Struggle" by Guy and Candie Carawan, Oak Pub. 1968, p. 138.

Cheers, S. in Seattle


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 04:57 PM

Miner's Lifeguard, from Life is Like a Mountain Railroad, and then becoming John Brunner's H Bomb's Thunder - and there were other CND songs with simlar roots.

For example "Ban Ban Ban the bloody H-Bomb" from John Brown's Body - with the last line sometimes, after 3 repeats of the title line "and we won't have to march no more". But there were other verses, written by Alex Comfort - that was before he got into the Joy of Sex and made a packet.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Dani
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 05:02 PM

In his "Where Have all the Flowers Gone" Pete Seeger says that the Rev. Charles Tindley's "I'll Overcome Someday" may.... or may not have come first. It is dated 1903. This book contains words and music. I can do words later... music would have to wait for more gifted hands!

Also, Pete's book is dated 1993. Any new scholarship since then?

Having sung the current version more than a little yesterday :) I'm just glad it's around in ANY form. It's good for what ails ya.

Dani


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Amergin@work
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 05:23 PM

I'm going to have to look up my Wobbly Songbook, when I get home...to see if there are any not mentioned here that fit this bill....


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 06:22 PM

Well of course there's Hallellulah I'm a bum, in two versions - what I take to be the earlier versiobn and tye and the Wobbly version in the Little Red Songbook, which may or may not have been by Joe Hill.

Actually in a way I've always thought the earlier version has the more revolutionary message. "How the hell can I work when the skies are so blue." Puts the work ethic in its place.

Anyway they're both parodies of a revivalist hymn I believe, called Revive Us - but I've never come across it.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Haruo
Date: 16 Jan 01 - 06:58 PM

One that I don't see here that I would say qualifies (though I'm not sure what your definition of Gospel is) is "Hold the Fort". Both the Christian and the Labor versions are in the DT, with a melody MIDI; a fuller, faster MIDI provides the background music at The Cyber Hymnal's version, which also has a page on Bliss, author of the Christian text and composer of the tune. Incidentally The Cyber Hymnal has yet another new URL (the last one, tch.wordnic.com, automatically rolls over to the new one, but who knows how long that will last...).

Liland


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: sian, west wales
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 04:35 AM

McGrath, I always thought the blue skies referred to the drought (ie. Dust Bowl) - no rain, no farm. I could be wrong ... I was going to mention this one, too, but couldn't for the life of me, remember how the hymn goes. I grew up on the "I'm a Bum" version and had a shock when I first heard it in church as a hymn! Had a very stern look from Mum, warning me not to DARE sing the words I knew ...

sian


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 10:25 AM

You could be right about the blue sky origins. But as sung mostly, I think think it means that on a beautifrul day like today, you'd need to be a slave to work, and I'm no slave - and that's subversive in a work-obsessed culture. Increasingly so in fact, and seen as subversive by the left and the right. (Willy Hague or Tony Blair, words they just don't like to hear)

So farSolidarity Forever has had a couple of mentions, but I think noone has put in its less respectable brother, The Red Revolution, with its memorable chorus:

Arson rape and bloody murder,
Arson rape and bloody murder,
Arson rape and bloody murder,
When the Red Revolution comes.


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Subject: Lyr Add: I'LL OVERCOME SOME DAY and...BE ALL RIGHT
From: Dani
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 12:41 PM

Stewart, what you posted seems to be a conglomerate of what's in Pete's book as the two separate songs:

I'll Overcome Some Day (Tindley, 1903)

This world is one great battlefield with forces all arrayed;
If in my heart I do not yield, I'll overcome some day.
I'll overcome some day (someday) I'll overcome some day;
If in my heart I do not yield I'll overcome some day.

and

I'll Be All Right (trad. African American gospel hymn)

I'll be all right
I'll be all right
I'll be all right some day
Deep in my heart
I do believe
I'll be all right some day

I'll be like Him (3x, etc)

I'll overcome (3x, etc)


What do you think, Joe?
Joe thinks he's gotta teach Dani how to do Line Breaks
[grin]
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: Origins: We Shall Overcome
From: Dani
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 12:48 PM

Also interesting to note: Pete Seeger credits Zilphia Horton with changing the 'I' to 'WE'. The wording is significant.

Bernice Johnson-Reagon (Sweet Honey in the Rock, The Freedom Singers) discussed the history of the song We Shall Overcome with Noah Adams on NPR:

The song was changed from an earlier I Shall Overcome to We Shall Overcome when white students began working with black students in the civil rights movement. But of the version she knew, Johnson-Reagon says, "In the Black community, to EXPRESS THE GROUP, you say I. If you say WE are gonna have a picnic, I have no idea who's gonna be there. But if you say, "I'm going to bring some cake and someone ELSE says, "I'll bring the chicken", then you actually know you're gonna get a dinner!"


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewart
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 02:39 PM

I found my version of I'll Be All Right in "Freedom Is a Constant Struggle" by Guy and Candie Carawan, Oak Pub. 1968, p. 138. They give a short history if it there. Guy Carawan was also involved in the evolution of We Shall Overcome.

Cheers, S. in Seattle


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Subject: Lyr Add: REVIVE US AGAIN^^
From: Joe Offer
Date: 17 Jan 01 - 09:02 PM

Kevin, Revive Us Again is quite common. I should have thought to post it before.
-Joe Offer (who prefers the "I'm a bum" version)-
^^
REVIVE US AGAIN
(words: William P. Mackay, Music: John J. Husband)

We praise Thee, O God!
For the Son of Thy love,
For Jesus Who died,
And is now gone above.

Refrain

Hallelujah! Thine the glory.
Hallelujah! Amen.
Hallelujah! Thine the glory.
Revive us again.

We praise Thee, O God!
For Thy Spirit of light,
Who hath shown us our Savior,
And scattered our night.

Refrain

All glory and praise
To the Lamb that was slain,
Who hath borne all our sins,
And hath cleansed every stain.

Refrain

All glory and praise
To the God of all grace,
Who hast brought us, and sought us,
And guided our ways.

Refrain

Revive us again;
Fill each heart with Thy love;
May each soul be rekindled
With fire from above.

Refrain


[words: William P. Mackay (1839-85), Music: John J. Husband (1760-1825)]
Mackay wrote this hymn in 1863 and revised it four years later. The original text for Husband's tune is unknown. (Source: Companion to Baptist Hymnal,, Reynolds)

-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Stewie
Date: 12 Feb 01 - 08:30 PM

There is a bit on the provenance of 'We Shall Overcome' at the following link. It cites Tindley's 'I'll Overcome Some Day' as the original inspiration. The full text of Tindley's hymn may be found at the Cyber Hymnal site.

Click Here

Evidently the great gospel singer, Marion Williams, did a belter of a version taking the civil rights song back to its gospel roots, but I cannot find it among the recordings I have of her.

--Stewie.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 18 Mar 01 - 04:04 AM

In another thread (click) Mark Clark posted "In Union There Is Strength," which is based on "Do Lord, O Do Lord."

-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Dani
Date: 18 Mar 01 - 08:31 AM

While we're over there translating Latin, let's do a motto that say's something like, "Ignorance only through laziness, only through busyness."

Mea Culpa, Joe, Mea maxima culpa! I know the info is onsite somewhere, I've just never taken the time to pay attention.

Dani


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: dick greenhaus
Date: 18 Mar 01 - 11:45 AM

Hold The Fort, For We Are Coming is one such (Fine tune; great chorus song)


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Hollowfox
Date: 19 Mar 01 - 10:37 AM

(Blush!) I just looked at my above posting of a year ago, and just now noticed that I left out the title and author: "Hold the Fort! : the Story of a Song, from the Sawdust Trail to the Picket Line. (Better late than never, she mumbled)


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Ced2
Date: 19 Mar 01 - 11:22 AM

The "get the tune from gospel" theme was not a purely American idea. The point was to identify what tunes were known in an era when there was no radio gramaphone tape cd etc.,etc. The British Labour Movement employed the same tactic, church tunes were used as a backdrop to many socialist songs. The Indepndent Labour Party published ( for fourpence) "Labours Song Book",the 1926 edition contains 75 songs but no tunes,nor unfortunately does it contain a reference to the tune. Similarly "Labour's Church Hymn Book of 1915 contains 178 songs but no music or reference to music. However that book does contain a refeence to the "Labour Church Tune Book, first published in May 1912. "Bound in stiff cloth covers it comprises words, Staff Notation and Tonic Solfa for 178 hymns and is on sales for 4s 6d (carriage paid 5s)." George Lansbury also produced (at least) two books Sixteen Songs for Sixpence and Sixteen More Songs(?). Both these have music.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: George Seto - af221@chebucto.ns.ca
Date: 01 Sep 01 - 11:21 AM

Jacob's Ladder


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: masato sakurai
Date: 01 Sep 01 - 11:56 AM

Concerning "We Shall Overcome," I'll quote some comments from James J. Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music, 4th ed. (Dover, pp. 622-628):

The music and words of We Shall Overcome, the unofficial Negro freedom anthem which was given prominent recognition by President Johnson, are derived from a number of sources.
The simple melody of the first four bars of We Shall Overcome is almost identical with that of the hymn whose opening words are "O Sanctissima."
The words of We Shall Overcome seem to have had their source in an original hymn by C. Albert Tindley, entitled I'll Overcome Some Day,...
The first printed confirmation of the wedding of the above introductory music and the above title is in the Negro gospel song I'll Overcome Someday, published May 1, 1945, by Martin & Morris Music Studio, Chicago.

Masato


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Subject: Lyr Add: I'LL OVERCOME SOME DAY^^
From: Jim Dixon
Date: 07 Oct 01 - 12:59 PM

Here is the complete text of "I'll Overcome Some Day" from The Cyber Hymnal. They also have a midi file at this link.
^^
I'LL OVERCOME SOME DAY
(Charles A. Tindley, 1901)

This world is one great battlefield
With forces all arrayed,
If in my heart I do not yield
I'll overcome some day.
I'll overcome some day,
I'll overcome some day,
If in my heart I do not yield,
I'll overcome some day.

Both seen and unseen powers join
To drive my soul astray,
But with His Word a sword of mine,
I'll overcome some day.
I'll overcome some day,
I'll overcome some day,
But with His Word a sword of mine,
I'll overcome some day.

A thousand snares are set for me,
And mountains in my way,
If Jesus will my leader be,
I'll overcome some day.
I'll overcome some day,
I'll overcome some day,
If Jesus will my leader be,
I'll overcome some day.

I fail so often when I try
My Savior to obey;
It pains my heart and then I cry,
Lord, make me strong some day.
Lord, make me strong some day,
Lord, make me strong some day;
It pains my heart and then I cry,
Lord, make me strong some day.

My mind is not to do the wrong,
But walk the narrow way;
I'm praying as I journey on,
To overcome some day.
To overcome some day,
To overcome some day;
I'm praying as I journey on,
To overcome some day.

Though many a time no signs appear,
Of answer when I pray;
My Jesus says I need not fear,
He'll make it plain some day.
I'll be like Him some day,
I'll be like Him some day;
My Jesus says I need not fear,
He'll make it plain some day.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Joe Offer
Date: 08 Oct 01 - 03:47 AM

I thought Frank Hamilton wrote something about his participation in writing "We Shal Overcome," but I can't find it. Can anyone find that thread?
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Genie
Date: 15 Jan 02 - 03:13 AM

What about "Keep Your Lamps (Trimmed And Burning)?" The lyrics seem applicable both to the underground railroad and Christianity. Was it originally a code song or was it a gospel song that was used in the fight against slavery and/or for civil rights?


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: masato sakurai
Date: 15 Jan 02 - 10:15 AM

The tune of "Which Side Are You On" is said to come from a hymn (see this thread: Lyr Req: Lay the Lily Low), but I haven't found it. Does anyone know the original?
~Masato


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Subject: Lyr Add: WOKE UP THIS MORNING WITH MY MIND...
From: Jerry Rasmussen
Date: 15 Jan 02 - 12:45 PM

I've been singing Woke Up This Morning With My Mind Standing On Jesus for many years, learned from a recording by the Roosevelt Brothers. Sandy & Caroline Paton tell me that they knew it as ..with my mind standing on freedom. I never heard it done that way, but it sure makes sense. The song is one of those that you just change one line, and then repeat the rest of the verse..

Woke up this morning with my mind, standing on Jesus
Woke Up this morning with my mind, standing on Jesus
Woke up this morning with my mind, standing on Jesus
Hallelu (Send down), Hallelu(my Lord), Hallelu-u-jah

change first line to:
Walking and talking with my mind, standing on Jesus
Woke up singing with my mind, standing on Jesus
Woke up praying, etc.

Jerry


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: masato sakurai
Date: 15 Jan 02 - 09:28 PM

"I Woke Up This Morning with My Mind on Freedom" by Ben Gay is on Sing For Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs (Smithsonian Folkways – 40032). The printed music is in Sing for Freedom (Sing Out, 1990, p. 83) and in Irwin Silber, This Singing Land (Amsco, 1965, p. 46).
~Masato


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Haruo
Date: 16 Jan 02 - 12:18 AM

I've always sung "with my mind stayed on Jesus [aka freedom]", not "standing". Hmmm.

Liland


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Subject: Lyr Add: WOKE UP THIS MORNING
From: masato sakurai
Date: 16 Jan 02 - 01:05 AM

The Weavers' version of "Woke Up This Morning" is:
^^

WOKE UP THIS MORNING

I woke up this morning with my mind
My mind, it was staying on freedom (3 times)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

Walking and talking with my mind
My mind, it was staying on freedom (3 times)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

Thinking and moving with my mind
My mind, it was staying on freedom (3 times)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

Walking, walking with my mind on freedom (2 times)
Hallelujah

I met my brother on the street
He had a smile on his face
With his mind on freedom
I met my siser on the street
She had a smile on her face
And her mind on freedom
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

Singing and praying with my mind
My mind, it was staying on freedom (3 times)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

I woke up this morning with my mind
My mind, it was staying on freedom (3 times)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah

(From: The Weavers: Wasn't That a Time, Vanguard (Japan) KICP 375/378)

~Masato


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Rolfyboy6
Date: 16 Jan 02 - 01:24 AM

When we sang it in the civil rights picket lines in the 60s we sang it

"Woke up this morning with my mind STAYED on Freedom."

And you'd really work the 'STAYYED' with multiple syllables or melisma. Very much traditional congregation singing, sometimes with multiple parts too. Kinda depended who was on the line at the time.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Genie
Date: 28 Jan 02 - 08:55 PM

There's also a version of this in "Singing The Living Tradition," which is the U-U hymnal that was published in the 1980's. Also, the song is in "Rise Up Singing."

Genie


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: dick greenhaus
Date: 28 Jan 02 - 09:06 PM

Actually, if one wishes to use folk music as a basis for Civil Rights (or Union, or whatever) songs, one is limited to those familiar songs that lend themselves to unpracticed group singing. Sort of leaves you with gospel (and/or spiritual) and work songs (including shanties.)


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Subject: Lyr Add: THERE IS POWER IN THE BLOOD
From: Jim Dixon
Date: 29 Jan 02 - 11:54 AM

Since this song doesn't seem to be in DT or in any thread, I decided to copy it from the CyberHymnal. It is referred to in Stewie's post above. ^^
THERE IS POWER IN THE BLOOD
(Lewis E. Jones, 1899)

Would you be free from the burden of sin?
There's power in the blood, power in the blood;
Would you o'er evil a victory win?
There's wonderful power in the blood.

CHO: There is power, power, wonder working power
In the blood of the Lamb;
There is power, power, wonder working power
In the precious blood of the Lamb.

Would you be free from your passion and pride?
There's power in the blood, power in the blood;
Come for a cleansing to Calvary's tide;
There's wonderful power in the blood. CHO.

Would you be whiter, much whiter than snow?
There's power in the blood, power in the blood;
Sin stains are lost in its life giving flow.
There's wonderful power in the blood. CHO.

Would you do service for Jesus your King?
There's power in the blood, power in the blood;
Would you live daily His praises to sing?
There's wonderful power in the blood. CHO.


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Subject: ADD: WHEN THE BATTLE'S OVER
From: W y s i w y G !
Date: 22 Apr 05 - 08:00 AM

Re-posted here from the African American Spirituals Permathread:

Subject: RE: African-American Spirituals Permathread
From: Azizi - PM
Date: 28 Dec 04 - 09:40 AM

I woke up this morning with spirituals on my mind. I think it's because of the sixtieschick's thread on the sprituality of 60s music. Thanks, sixtieschick!

Here are three spirituals that I don't think are listed in this Permathread yet, although they may be listed under a different name. I remember singing the first and third song in my church and with my family in Atlantic City, New Jersey in the 19502-1960s {and of course, afterwards whenever they come to mind}. I recall the second spiritual as being introduced to my church in the early 1960s by a Southern choir {from Mississippi?}, although the church may have sung it before that time.

I'm writing down the lyrics that I remember. Of course, like all [most?] African American spirituals, these are open-ended songs with no fixed verses except maybe the first verse. Therefore new verses could be substituted or added, but the pattern remained the same. All these songs were sang in unison, except perhaps for the words in parenthesis.
^^
I'LL BE ALRIGHT

I'll be alright.
I'll be alright.
I'll be alright
some day-a-a
{Oh-o},[We-ll]If [deep]in my hea-a-art
I do believe,
I'll be alright some day.

I'll see His face.
I'll see His face.
I'll see His face
some day-a-a
Oh-o, if in my heart etc.

I'll be with Him.
I'll be with Him.
I'll be with Him
some day-a-a
Oh-o etc.

We'll all be free.
We'll all be free.
We'll all be free.
some day-a-a
Oh,o etc.
---

Note that unlike the standard African American pronunciation of
"a" ="ah" {as in "Ah 1 and ah 2 and you know what to do}; the "a" in "some day-a-a" is an elongation of the "a" sound in the word "day".

I have read and I believe that "I'll Be Aright" is the basis of the spiritual which is the basis of the Civil Rights song "We Shall Overcome". However, "We'll Overcome" has a much faster tempo than
"We Shall Overcome".
---
^^
WE'LL OVERCOME

We'll overcome.
We'll ovecome.
We'll overcome.
some day-a-a
{Oh-o} [Well-ll]If [deep]in my hea-a-rt
I do not yield, [I do believe]
We'll overcome someday.

We'll see His face.
We'll see His face.
We'll His face
some day-a-a
Oh-o, if in my heart
I do not yield.
We'll see His face
someday.

I'll be with Him.
I'll be with Him.
I'll be with Him
some day-a-a
Oh-o, etc.

We'll see His face.
We'll see His face.
We'll see His face
some day-a-a
Oh-o, etc.

We'll wear ah crown.
We'll wear ah crown.
We'll wear ah crown
some day-a-a
Oh-o, etc
---

Often, my church and family sung this next spiritual after "I'll Be Alright".
^^
WHEN THE BATTLE'S OVER

{And} When the battle's over
we shall wear ah crown.
We shall wear ah crown
Yes, we shall wear ah crown.
When the battle's over
we shall wear ah crown
in the New Jerusalem. [pronounced Jah-ROO-sah-lem]

Wear ah crown,
wear ah crown,
wear ah bright and shining crown.
And when the battle's over
we shall wear ah crown
in the new Jerusalem.

When the battle's over
we shall be with Him
We shall be with Him
We shall be with Him
And when the battle's over
we shall be with Him
in the New Jerusalem.

Be with Him
Be with Him
We shall all-ll be with Him
And when the battle's over
We shall be with Him
in the New Jerusalem.

Well, when the battles over
we shall be all be free
We shall all be free
We shall all be free.
And when the battle's over
we shall all be free
in the New Jerusalem

We'll be free
We'll be free
We shall ah-ll be-e free
And when the battle's over
we shall all be free
in the New Jerusalem.

And when the battle's over
we shall be at peace. etc..
----

Hopefully, someone can point to recordings and Internet sound clips of these spirituals... They are full with history and wonderful to sing with a full soul.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Azizi
Date: 22 Apr 05 - 09:12 AM

In the junior [student] NAACP branch that I was in the early 1960's [Atlantic City, New Jersey] we sung "I woke up this mornin with my mind STAYED on freedom" the same way Rolfyboy6 noted in his post dated 16 Jan 02 - 01:24 AM.

And I would like to publicly thank Rolfyboy6 and others at Mudcat [you know who you are] who risking their lifes and limbs participating in Civil Rights sit-ins, ride-ins, marches, and picket line demonstrations.

In Atlantic City, New Jersey we sung that song and others in support of those who were actually 'fighting' for our rights-and working to make the USA be the best it could be..

In a sense you could say that we sung Civil Rights songs as folk songs, though we would have vehemently rejected that categorization.

Unfortunately, it has been my experience that Civil Rights songs are totally unknown to most of today's African American children, youth, and adults who didn't live through that time. I'm sad to say that
I would expect that real surveys of this population would confirm my personal experiences that most contemporary Black people in the USA have no knowledge of these songs.

So for the record, here are a couple of other Civil Rights songs that I remember that may have been based on spirituals or gospel songs [Sorry if these are posted on Mudcat somewhere else]:

"Keep Your Eye On The Prize"

verse 1
Paul and Silas bound in jail
with no money to forgo their bail
Keep your eye on the prize
and hold on
hold on- [optional repeat]

chorus:
Hold on
Hold on *
Keep your eye
on the prize
and hold on
hold on.

*"on" is elongated sounding like "au-au-aun"

I vauguely remember another verse that went something like
one and one they make two
tell you want I'm gonna do
Keep my eye on the prize
and hold on.
Hold on

I also remember that we added this floating verse that is often found in spirituals that we sang in church:

If religion was a thing
that money could buy
the rich would live
and the poor would die.
Keep your eye on the prize
and hold on.
hold on.

I can't remember if these other floating verses were actually sung with this song, but I automatically added them in my mind:

Went to the valley
but I didn't go to stay
my soul got happy
and I stayed all day
Keep your eyes etc.

If you don't believe
I been redeemed
just follow me down
to Jordan's stream
Keep your eyes etc.

****

The "I went to the valley" couplet is probably based on the "I went to the river/but I couldn't get across/paid 5 dollars for an old grey horse" ante-bellum African American floating verse that was used in religious and non-religious songs.

One common refrain to that song was:
Poor mourner {mona}
You will be free
when the Good Lord sets you free.
--

So it is fitting that "I went to the river" was adapted and used as a Civil Rights song.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Azizi
Date: 22 Apr 05 - 09:16 AM

I hasten to add that Civil Rights songs should also be known to
non-African Americans for historical & sociological reasons and for the quality of the songs.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,WYSIWYG
Date: 22 Apr 05 - 09:48 AM

Azizi, I think you're correct to think those are probably posted elsewhere. I'm reluctant to add their appearance here to the permathread index because they are fragments, but it WOULD be helpful to others if you could find the other threads they appear in, and insert a link in those threads, to this one, so people can get the additional information you've posted here. Then as people access the songs from the index, they'll end up here. Some people might also find it useful for links to be included in this thread, to those songs' appearances in other threads.

Thanks,

~Susan


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Q
Date: 21 Jan 09 - 10:00 PM

"Woke Up This Morning" always seems to have been sung with variants, as needed or desired.
This copied from "Sing Out" as reprinted in "Rise Up Singing" (Leaving out chords).

WOKE UP THIS MORNING

1. Woke up this morning with my mind (my mind it was) stayed on freedom (3x)
Hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah!

(bridge) Walk (6x) with my mind on freedom (repeat)
-Ah - walk walk walk walk

2. Ain't no harm to keep your mind (in keepin' it) stayed on freedom (3x)
Hallelu ...

3. Walkin' & talkin' with my mind ...
4. Singin' & prayin' with my mind ...

Rev. Osby of Aurora, IL (addl. lyrics Robert Zellner)
© 1963, 1966 Fall River Music Inc. Al rights reserved. Used by permission.-
In SO! 12-5 & Reprints #6. In SFF We Shall Overcome, S That Changed the World, FS EncyVI. On "Trav On w/the Weavers" & their "Reunion 1963."


Ed. Peter Blood & Annie Patterson, 1988, 1992, © "Rise Up Singing, the Group-Singing Song Book." A Sing Out Publication- Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Bob the Postman
Date: 11 Oct 09 - 04:55 PM

I've been singing "Bringing In The Sheaves" lately and I wonder if anyone can point me to a Wobblie or other union-type song derived from it.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Bob the Postman
Date: 12 Oct 09 - 04:01 PM

refresh


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Judith, Seattle
Date: 14 Jul 10 - 11:28 PM

I've just discovered this great thread!
The post from Azizi (2005) about "Keep your Eye on the Prize, Hold On" must be the source of the song "Keep your hand on the Plow, Hold On"; but is that a union song or civil rights song or what?
Another remark: Has anyone mentioned yet the union song "Farther Along" and its religions antecedent?
A question: Where does "Dump the Bosses Off Your Back" come from? It sounds like a gospel song, but I don't know the source.


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Mark Ross
Date: 15 Jul 10 - 12:31 AM

Utah Phillips used to say that the Wobblies took the hymn tunes because they were pretty, and changed the words so that they made more sense. But then, I heard that one of the early Protestant reformers (could it have been John Calvin?) took secular songs and made them into hymns saying,"Why should the Devil have all the good tunes?".


Mark Ross


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: GUEST,Steve
Date: 15 Jul 10 - 07:52 AM

For gospel songs/hymns, I suggest you consult the publication _Gospel Hymns Nos. 1 to 6 Complete_, by Ira D. Sankey and others. Originally published by Biglow & Main Co., New York, 1895. Was issued in a reprint edition by Da Capo Press, New York, 1972, with an introduction by H. Wiley Hitchcock. This is probably the single most important collection of American gospel songs/hymns ever published. I think there are over 700 songs in it, probably all produced between 1870 and the publication date. (My mother left me a songster version of it with the texts of all 700-plus songs. Very easy to carry in your pocket.) The musical and religious movement its music chronicles had a tremendous impact on American popular culture. Biglow & Main was the primary publisher of early gospel songs by people like Sankey, Fanny Crosby and their ilk, but, to my knowledge, no one has done even so much as a dissertation on the company.

If it matters, you might want to think about what you mean when you use that term "gospel." Within the English-speaking world, there are basically three types of gospel songs or hymns. The first is that represented by the publications of Biglow & Main (New York) and a few others (the John Church Co. of Cincinnati, for example). This is Northern urban gospel, the product of evangelist-musician teams like Dwight L. Moody and Ira Sankey. This movement (at the time, a musical juggernaut much like CCM and Praise and Worship music today) produced the first publication bearing that term "gospel song" or "gospel hymn" in 1874. The second is the gospel rep that was the product of (often small) southern publishers like Ruebush-Kieffer (near Harrisonburg, VA), A. J. Showalter (Dalton, GA), James D. Vaughan (Lawrenceburg, TN), Stamps-Baxter (Dallas, TX, and Chattanooga, TN), Stamps Quartet (Dallas), Hartford Music Co. (Hartford, AR) and numerous others. This includes the songs of Albert E. Brumley ("I'll Fly Away," "Turn Your Radio On"), Luther Presley, Adger Pace, etc. Since the 1970s this tradition has been called southern gospel. Primary collections of this rep are _Church Hymnal_ (Cleveland, TN: Tennessee Music and Printing Co., 1951; they've sold many millions) and _Heavenly Highway Hymns_ (originally Stamps-Baxter, now published by Brentwood-Benson Co.). They're typically published in seven-shape notation. And then there's the black gospel tradition, which I know less well. For most Americans today, the term "gospel" means black gospel, which has a history distinct from, but related to, the other two. Some scholars of black gospel tend to distinguish between gospel songs, jubilee songs, and spirituals (in reverse chronological order), but a lot of people just refer to it all as "gospel." If all this confuses you, don't worry. Scholars are confused about it too.

Hope this doesn't feel like a wet blanket! (BTW, I'm a big fan of Judith of Seattle.)


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Subject: RE: Gospel Origin-Civil Rights & Labor Songs
From: Goose Gander
Date: 15 Jul 10 - 01:45 PM

In general, there has been tremendous cross-fertilization between secular and sacred music in American, both among blacks and whites. Mark Ross's pithy comments are very appropriate.


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