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Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You

DigiTrad:
ALL I WANT IS A HANDSOME MAN or RIPEST APPLES
CHESTER CITY
OH, NO JOHN


Related threads:
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Lyr Req: Urgent need help -found- No John No (10)
Lyr Add: No Sir, No Sir (3)
Lyr Req: Oh No John Parody (8)
(origins) Lyr Add: No, John, No (8)
No Sir (4)


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 23 Sep 17 - 10:42 PM

Hi,

Here's more on 8A. "Oh No, John," "No Sir," "Spanish Merchant's Daughter," "She answered No" songs. Below are several excerpts and one conclusion. The "Spanish Merchant's Daughter" by the Stonemans is a variant of No Sir.

Here's a general conclusion: The inevitable blending of "Madam, I Am Come to Court You" and "Spanish Lady" variants with the "she answered No" songs has caused confusion and made classification difficult. Since the choruses have been somewhat interchangeable it should be noted that the texts of both "Oh No John" and "No Sir" have certain characteristics and are represented by stanzas usually unique to each. They share in common the Spanish merchant stanza and have blended in later versions.

* * * *

Here are four basic types of chorus in US:

1. The "No Sir" type: No sir! No sir! No sir! No-- sir!
No sir! No sir! No sir! No.
2) The "Oh No John" type: Oh, no, John, no, John, no, John, no.
3) The "Spanish Lady" type: Rattle O ding, ding dom, ding dom,
Rattle O ding, dom da.
4) The "her answers were no" type: Uh-uh, no, no sir no,
All of her answers to me were no.

The last Type (her answers were No) usually has "No Sir" in the opening and is often titled "No Sir." The first type is from the Wakefield print version of 1881 which was widely printed and well known both here and abroad. The third type sung to a West Virginia version (see: Cox, 1916) with Spanish Lady replacing "lovely creature" is similarly found in Gypsy Davy. The Spanish Lady versions that are not closely related to Madam sometimes have a "No Sir" chorus (see Bell Roberston's version above). In this rare US version of Spanish Lady (No Sir) by Andrew Hawes at Pittsburg, NH in 1943 he sang the type 4 chorus "her answer it was No";

As I rode out to McCloud city
At twelve o'clock the other night
Twas there I spied a Spanish lady
Washing her scarves in pale moonlight.
CHORUS: She said No, no sir no
Still her answer it was No.

The first type may be used to identify the Wakefield print versions. Since the Wakefield version is from American tradition it makes categorization difficult since Wakefield's version entered tradition and her text also appears with type 4 chorus.

* * * *

The "No Sir" songs were English then American-- see also the version from Tristan de Cuna, originally a British colony[]. "No Sir" has a wider degree of variety and is closer to the "she answered No" songs. There's is occasional borrowing from "Oh No John" (see Copper version) but in general is associated with the two garden stanzas found similarly in the print version:

3. If I was walking in the garden,
Plucking flow'rs all wet with dew,
Tell me will you be offended,
If I walk and talk with you?
CHORUS

4. If when walking in the garden,
I should ask you to be mine,
and should tell you that I loved you,
would you then my heart decline?

There are also two basic types of versions of "No Sir." Type A is the popular print version, "No Sir," which was arranged from an American governess by Mary Wakefield and published in 1881, entered tradition and has been collected both here and abroad. Type B are the traditional versions from whence Type A was born. Examples of this older tradition can be seen above in both the Bell Robertson version and the MS version collected by Sharp in Kentucky in 1917. The conclusion is "No Sir" usually has these characteristics:

1. has the two "garden" stanzas
2. has a wider variety of chorus variations and is sometimes mixed with "she answered No" choruses.
3. has the "tell me truly/why you scorn me" stanza usually before the Spanish captain stanza.
4. has the Spanish merchant/Captain stanza in common with Oh No John.
5. has "chickens crowed for day" or "We lay there till the cocks did crow" ending stanza found in the US and UK.

Some rare versions of "Madam" use the "No Sir" or "she answered No" choruses.

* * * *

"Oh No John" is English and has two specific types. The best known, Type A, is the composite by Sharp. The other variants are Type B, made up of the traditional versions. Both types sometimes use the opening first and possibly second stanzas of Madam. Type B has variants of these three stanzas as found in Woolsey's original text:

On her bosom were bunches of posies,
On her breast where flowers grow,
If I've a chance to touch that posy
She must answer Yes or No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

"Madam, shall I tie your garter?
Tie it a little above your knee,
If my hand should slip a little farther
Would you think it amiss of me?"
O No John! No John! No John! No!

One night they went to bed we together
There they lay till cocks did crow
Then they sport till the daylight was breaking
Now it's time for us to go.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

Clearly The White and Hopper version is "Oh No John" with a "No sir" Chorus. Stanza 2 of the White version is another bawdy type stanza that belongs to the "Oh No John" ur-ballad[]. The conclusion is "Oh No John" usually has these characteristics:

1. evolved from a bawdy English "she answered No" song.
2. used the opening stanza or stanzas from "Madam, I Have Come to Court You." Does not have the "Madam I have gold and Silver" stanzas or other stanzas of "Madam."
3. was sanitized by Sharp to become the popular "Oh No John" type A.
4. was not widely known outside of England and was not brought to America.
5. does not usually have the "garden" stanzas found in print and traditional versions of No Sir.
6. has the Spanish merchant/sailor/Captain stanza which also is found in No Sir.

Oh No John was not widely known and few traditional versions were collected. Cecil Sharp collected four but the total of original traditional versions is less than a dozen with most just fragments.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 19 Sep 17 - 09:13 PM

Hi,

Here are the versions of 8A. "Oh No, John," "No Sir," "Spanish Merchant's Daughter," "She answered No" listed so far:

Aa. "Lady why doth love torment you" from "a manuscript version of about 1635-40, in Bodleian MS Ashmole 38 (a collection of single sheets from various sources bound together)." ref. Bruce Olson.
  b. "Consent at Last" from Pills to Purge Melancholy, commencing in 1700; (III, p. 82, 1719), with a tune.
  c. "To a Lady" Jack Horntip Collection, no date given, no chorus. See in Supplemental versions below.
B. "A Warning for Maides," attributed to Richard Crimsal and "printed at London for John Wright, the younger, dwelling at the upper end of the Old-Bayley," dated circa 1636.
C. "The Dumb Lady; Or, NO, no, not I; Ile Answer," a broadside in the British Library- Roxburghe 2.111. It was printed for P. Brooksy at the Golden-Ball in Pye-Corner between 1672-84.
D. "The Denying Lady," a broadside printed by A. Milbourn, at the Stationers-Arms in Green-Arbor about 1684.
E. "Shall I? Shall I? No No," a broadside by Tobias Bowne printed by Phillip Brooksby, London c. 1684.
Fa. Song 1154. [Tom and Dolly] published in "The Aviary: Or, Magazine of British Melody. Consisting of a Collection of one thousand three hundred and forty-four songs," London, 1745.
   b. "Tom and Dolly" from a Dublin songbook; "A collection of songs: With some originals," 1769.
G. "No, No" sung by Mrs. Wrighten at Vauxhall in the 1770s. It's printed in "The Choice Spirit's Chaplet: Or, a Poesy from Parnassus" by George Alexander Stevens, 1771 as Song 144.
H. "No! No! The celebrated duet" which was "sung by Mr. Sinclair and Mrs. Rowbotham." It was published in a variety of music collections in the 1830s including "The American Minstrel: A Choice Collection of the Most Popular Songs, Glees, Choruses, Extravaganzas, &c." 1837.
I. Songs with the "No Sir" chorus.
  a1. "No Sir." Words and Music Arr. by A. M. Wakefield, from: "Songs and Ballads: 96 Songs - words and music, W. F. Shaw," c. 1881, dated 1882. It's also found in Shaw's "Gems of Minstrel Song" also dated 1882 and later in Delaney's Song Book (New York).
  a2. "No Sir" from The play-party in Indiana by Leah Jackson Wolford, 1916.
  a3. "No, Sir." From the manuscript songbook of Miss Lura Wagoner of Vox, Alleghany county, lent to Dr. Brown in 1936 (Brown Collection Vol. III); the entries in the book were probably made some twenty or more years earlier.
  b. "No Sir" sung by Lucy White and Louie Hooper of Hambridge on Dec. 23, 1903; collected by Cecil J. Sharp.
  c. "No Sir" sung by Lucy Garrison of Manchester, Kentucky on 11 August, 1917 as collected by Cecil J. Sharp.
  d. "The Spanish Merchant's Daughter" performed by The Stoneman Family. "Vocal duet by Hattie and Ernest Stoneman with harmonica, violin, guitar." Recorded in Bristol, Tennessee on October 31, 1928. Original issue Victor V-40206.

J. Songs with the "Oh No John" chorus/text
  a. "Oh No John" sung by William Wooley of Bincombe in 1907, collected Sharp
  b. "No John No" sung by James Beale of Warehome, Kent on September 23, 1908. Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/1777).
   c1. "Oh No John" composite arranged by Sharp, published in 1911.
   c2. "O No, John." From the manuscripts of Obadiah Johnson of Crossnore. Avery county, NC about 1939; Brown Collection III. Cover of Sharp composite.
    c3. "Oh No John." As sung by the Fuller Sisters, 1928; from "More Pious Friends and Drunken Companions: Songs and Ballads of Conviviality" by Frank Shay.
K. Songs with the "she answered No" chorus.
L. Songs with stanzas of "Madam" and the "she answered No" chorus
  a. "No Sir, No" (Yonder is a comely flower) c. 1919 from "Kentucky Mountain Songs" by Wyman and Brockway.
  b. "Oh No, No Sir, No" sung by Mrs. Mary Brown of Greene County, PA. Collected by Bayard in 1929; from Pennsylvania Songs and Legends, Korson.
  c. "Yonder Comes a Heavenly Creature" sung by O.B. Campbell Medford, OK 1934
 d. "Madam I Have Come A-Courting" vocal performance by Jonathan Moses at Orford (New Hampshire); recorded by Helen Flanders on 08-24-1951. Learned in North Haven, Maine.
  e1. "Uh, uh No," sung by Lannis Sutton of Doxy, Oklahoma, collected by Sam Eskin in 1951. From Lomax, Folk-Songs of North America, 1960.
  e2. "All of her answers to me were No," recording by Peggy Seeger, Folk Songs of Courting & complaint; Folkways 1955. Similar to "Uh, uh No," sung by Lannis Sutton of Doxy, Oklahoma.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 19 Sep 17 - 09:04 PM

Hi,

I've started 8A. "Oh No, John," "No Sir," "Spanish Merchant's Daughter," "She answered No." The headnotes (15 pages so far) are here: http://www.bluegrassmessengers.com/8a-oh-no-john-or-no-sir-.aspx Anyone with additional versions please post them.

Here's a sketch of opening text so far:

["Oh No, John," "No Sir," "Spanish Merchant's Daughter" and the "she answered No" songs are a series of songs[1] where the maid, confronted by a wooer, answers "No" to his advances. The "trick" to the "No" songs is that the wooer eventually asks questions expecting a "No" answer so that he wins over the maid. The humorous "No" courting songs evolved out of a broadsides and print versions from the 1600s and 1700s which eventually became, by the mid-to-late 1800s, the well-known songs "Oh No, John," and "No Sir."

No attempt has been made to include every version[2] of every song or ballad where the maid answers "No." Both Baskervill and Kittredge have provided some older analogs and variants-- but there are more. A number of additional "she answered No" songs are found in the Supplemental Versions Section at the end of these headnotes. A-H are all versions where the maid answers "No" but none are close antecedents of "No Sir," or "Oh No, John." Both A, "Consent at Last[3]" and G, "No, No" sung by Mrs. Wrighten at Vauxhall in the 1770s, are closer to "No Sir," and "Oh No, John" than some of the other "she answered No" songs. The purpose of this study is to show some of the underlying older versions and provide some guidance to differentiate between the more modern versions of the late 1800s and 1900s. That guidance is lacking in Roud 146 which lumps a number of versions of "Madam" with the "No" songs-- a problem complicated in part by past collectors titles[4] and the interchangeability of the choruses. Another important resource, the Traditional Ballad Index, like Roud, does not differentiate between "Oh No John" and "No Sir" and gives no background on the development of the "she answered No" songs. The Brown Collection versions are almost all from recent print, yet no mention of print versions is made in the Brown notes. So into the darkness we go without a torch.

Although listed as an appendix to 8. Madam I Have Come to Court You (Yonder Sits a Lovely Creature), versions of songs where the maid answers "No" to her wooer clearly predate known print versions of "Madam, I Have Come to Court You" which were rooted in the mid-1700s[5]. The end of the first stanza of the earliest version of "Madam" (c.1760), which is titled "Lovely Creature," expects a response of "No" or at least an answer to his intention to court her[6]:

Yonder sits a lovely creature,
Who is she? I do not know,
I'll go court her for her features,
Whether her answer be "Ay" or "no."

There a number early versions from the 1600s with the "No" response to the suitor's inquiries. The first, my Aa, is given by Bruce Olson from "a manuscript version of about 1635-40, in Bodleian MS Ashmole 38 (a collection of single sheets from various sources bound together), is so badly waterstained that most of it is unreadable. Only the first stanza of seven is legible:

"Lady why doth love torment you
May not I your grief remove?
Have I nothing will content you
With the sweet delights of Love."
"Oh, no, no, alas, no."

The lady's answer as a repeated chorus is "Oh, no, no, alas, no." This c.1635 MS is the antecedent of my Ab, "Consent at Last," which appears in Pills to Purge Melancholy, a series commencing in 1700 in Volume III, p. 82, dated 1719, with a tune. It goes as follows (original text):

Consent at Last.

Ladys, why doth Love torment you?
Cannot I your Grief remove?
Is there none that can content you
With the sweet delights of Love
O No, no, no, no, no: O, No, no, no, no, no, no, no.

Beauty in a perfect Measure,
Hath the Love and wish of all:
Dear, then shall I wait the Pleasure,
That commands my Heart and all:
O No, &c.

If I grieve, and you can ease me,
With you be so fiercely bent,
Having wherewithal to please me,
Must I still be Discontent?
O No, &c.

If I am your faithful Servant,
And my Love does still remain;
Will you think it ill deserved,
To be favour'd for my pain?
O No, &c.

If I should then crave a Favour,
Which your Lips invite me to,
Will you think it ill Behaviour,
Thus to steal a Kiss or two?
O No, &c.

All Amazing Beauty's Wonder,
May I presume your Breast to touch?
Or to feel a little under,
Will you think I do too much?
O No, &c.

Once more fairest, let me try ye[6]
Now my wish is fully sped,
If all Night, I would lye by ye,
Shall I be refus'd your Bed?
O No, &c.

In this version the suitor has adeptly figured out how to have his way with the lass even with a "No" answer. "Consent at Last" was called the original of the "she answered No" songs by early music authority Bruce Olson[7].

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 15 Sep 17 - 12:03 PM

Hi,

The US/Canada versions of Madam are here: http://www.bluegrassmessengers.com/us--canada-versions-8-madam-i-have-come.aspx

The British and Other versions of Madam are here: http://www.bluegrassmessengers.com/british-versions-8-madam-i-havetwenty-eighteen.aspx

Both headnotes in rough form are finished.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 13 Sep 17 - 05:38 PM

Hi Steve,

In order to separate the various versions based on, or similar to, "Madam" which are clearly different, a number of appendices have been created:

8A. "Oh No, John," "No Sir" and the "she answered No" songs.

8B. The Courting Case (Courting Cage); "O Miss, I Have A Very Fine Farm," etc.

8C. On a Mountain Stands a Lady (Children's game songs, Plough Plays; Skipping songs)

8D. The Quaker's Courtship, or, Quaker's Wooing

8E. The Spanish Lady ("Dublin City" "Madam, I'm a Darling" or "Chester City,") All Spanish Lady variants (Five basic types).

8F. Come My Little Roving Sailor ("Roving Sailor") Play-party song found in the US.

There are a few (see last post) versions of "she answered No" which are primarily stanzas of Madam-- most are not and are Roud 126. However, many of the "she answered No" songs are different from each other but I've grouped then under 8A.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Steve Gardham
Date: 13 Sep 17 - 05:04 PM

Great stuff, Richie. As an addendum have you considered including all of those songs that use the 'oh, no, no' motif?


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 13 Sep 17 - 04:23 PM

Hi,

Made it through Hurricane Irma and my power is on!! There are some good things about living in South Florida but hurricanes aren't one of them.

I've finished for now 8. Madam, I Have Come to Court You. Below are the list of versions that are made up primarily of 50% of stanzas of Madam. Here is a rough draft of the headnotes: http://www.bluegrassmessengers.com/8-madam-i-have-come-to-court-you-.aspx I'll be working on Appendices next after I finish the US/Canada headnotes and the British headnotes. Here is a list of the texts, I've left off some single stanzas texts but they are on the website:

8. Madam, I Have Come to Court You (Madam, I Am Come to Court You); Roud 542 (Madam, I have Gold and Silver; The Lovely Creature; Yonder Stands a Lovely Creature; Spanish Lady I; Ripe is the Apple Love; Twenty-Eighteen; Ripest Apple; The Disdainful Lady; March Away; I Admire a Black-Eyed Man; As I Walked Up Through London City; Ower Yon Hill There Lives a Lassie; Galway City; Ettrick City; Ower Yon Hill There Lives a Lassie)

A. Madam I Am/Have Come to Court You ("Yonder sits/stands a Lovely Creature," "Twenty-Eighteen," "Ripe is the Apple Love," "Rioest Apple" "Spanish Lady IV")
   a. "The Lovely Creature" ("Yonder sits a Lovely Creature"), broadside printed at Aldermary Churchyard by one of the Dicey/Marshall dynasty and is probably about 1760. It comes from British Library 11621 e 6, items 1 to 26.
   b. "A New Song" ("Yonder Sits a Handsome Creature") broadside dated c. 1776. From British Library, item 1346 m 7, Broadsides 1 to 42, this being item 29, 3 songs of which this is the third.
   c. "What care I for your golden treasures?" a single stanza learned c.1780 by John Randolph of Virginia. Taken from a letter written by John Randolph in 1822. Published in "John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833: A Biography. . ." by William Cabell Bruce- 1922.
   d. "Yonder Stands a Handsome Lady" was collected from the journal of the Diana, a ship harbored in New York under Captain Hay in 1819. The text is given in Hungtington's "Songs the Whalemen Sang."
   e. "Madam I Am Come to Court You," from Halliwell's 1846 book, "The Nursery Rhymes of England, obtained principally from oral tradition."
   f. "Twenty, Eighteen" - Sung by a carpenter at Besthorpe, Norfolk, to the Rev. J. T. Howard who learned in in 1871, and it was collected by John Graham for The Musical Herald, September, 1891. Reprinted in English County Songs edited by Lucy Etheldred Broadwood and John Alexander Fuller-Maitland, 1908.
   g. "There She Stands, a Lovely Creature" from New York Games and songs of American children, collected and compared by W.W. Newell by American children, 1883.
   h. "The Disdainful Lady" Sung by Harriet Dowley, of Edgmond, who knew no title to it. From Shropshire Folk-lore, a Sheaf of Gleanings - Part 2, page 552, by Charlotte Sophia Burne, Georgina Frederica Jackson, 1885.
   i. "In Yonder Grove," Taken down from George Cole, quarryman, aged 76, Rundlestone, Dartmoor, 1890. Baring-Gould Ms. Ref. PC 1. 194.
   j. "Here she stands, a lovely creature," sung by Washington children. From Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, Volume 37, 1886; " Song Games and Myth Dramas at Washington," by W. H. Babcock.
   k. "There she stands a lovely creature-," sung by Mrs. Carrie Grover, learned c. 1887 from her mother Eliza Spinney, (born 1840) when she herself was a young girl living in Black River, Nova Scotia. From Carrie Grover's "Heritage of Songs," p.18.
   l. "The Spanish Lady" Wehman Universal Songster, Volume 39 published in New York circa 1893.
   m. "The (Lincolnshire) Handsome Woman" from an unknown singer in Lincolnshire reported as a footnote to another song by Ebsworth, Roxburghe, 1899. It was taken orally by Colonel F. G. Baylay, R.A.(Royal Artillery; Woolwich), and communicated to the Editor by his friend Hubert Roberts, of Boston.
   n. "Madam I have gold and silver," Michigan. "Quite unexpectedly the bride's mother sang to me two verses of a courting song her mother had used to sing to her, about 1902, in the lumber woods." From Hoosier Folklore - Volumes 5-6 - Page 13, 1946.
   o. "Madam I am Come For to Court You," sung by William Smith of Twyford, Hampshire in June, 1905. Collected by G.B. Gardiner; George Gardiner Manuscript Collection (GG/1/2/62)
   p. "Madam, Madam, I Come a Courting," sung by Mrs. Fortey of Walton Dorset in May 1906; Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/16/10).
   q. "Madam I am Come a-Courting," sung by John Greening of Cuckolds' Corner, North Bridport, Dorset in May 1906. Collector: H.E.D. Hammond, Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/17/18)
   r. "Madam, Madam, I Come a-Courting" sung by Mrs. Elizabeth Simms, Uploders, Dorset in May 1906. Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/19/5)
   s. "Ripest Apples," sung by William Davis of Porlock Weir, Somerset on 7 September 1906. Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/1125).
   t. "Yonder Stands a Lovely Creature"-- sung by Mrs. Cranstone of Billingshurst, Sussex about 1907, collected and transcribed by George Butterworth Manuscript Collection (GB/4/23).
   u. "Yonder Sits a Spanish Lady," sung by William Shepherd of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire on 8 April, 1909. My title. From Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/2015).
   v. "A Spanish Lady." A Cornwall informant quotes (Dec. 11, 1909) a version formerly heard at Colborne, Ont., which he supposes to be Irish. From Journal of American Folklore, Volume 31, 1917; "Canadian Folk-Lore from Ontario" by F.W. Waugh.
   w. "Ripe is the Apple Love" collected from a Hampshire gypsy by Alice Gillington in her book of gypsy songs titled, "Songs of the Open Road," which was published 1911.
   x. "Madam I have Gold and Silver," communicated in 1911 by G. C. Broadhead of Columbia, Missouri was published in Belden's "Ballads & Songs" pp. 506-507.
   y. "Madam, I have come to court ye" sung by S. C. of Boston, Mass., a native of County Tyrone, Ireland was published with music in the 1912 article "Irish Folk-Song" by Phillips Barry in Journal of American Folklore, Volume 24, page 342.
   z. "Madam I have come to court you" Suffolk version (Colchester) sent to Sharp by Miss Harma, May 1914, incorrectly titled Keys of Heaven. From: Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/10/2939).
   aa. "Spanish Lady." Communicated by Miss Violet Noland, Davis, Tucker County, 1916; obtained from Mr. John Raese, who heard it sung when he was a boy. From Cox; "Folk songs of the South," 1925.
   bb. "March Away," sung by David Sawyer of Ogbourne St. Andrew in County Wiltshire published Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard, 22nd January, 1916, p 2, Part 15, No. 2. Collected by Alfred Williams.
   cc. "Yonder sits a pretty little creature" sung by Charles Tanner in County Oxfordshire published Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard, 22nd January, 1916, p 2, Part 15, No. 3. Collected by Alfred Williams.
   dd. "Madam, I Have Gold and Silver," c. 1919. From Henry "Dutch" Gerlach who taught it before he died, during the World War I influenza epidemic, to Mr. Siemsen. 1963 Folkways Records "New York State Songs and Ballads."
   ee. "Kind Miss" sung by Ann Riddell Anderson of the University of Kentucky, from The American Songbag- Carl Sandburg 1927. This is a composite and is listed under composites.
   ff. "Yonder Hill There Is a Widow," sung by Mrs. Alma Kidder of Townshend, Vermont on August 23, 1930 from Vermont Folk-Songs and Ballads by Flanders, Brown, pp. 154-155.
   gg."The Spanish Maiden," sung in 1931 by Mr. Clarence C. Chickering of Belding, Michigan. From: Ballads & Songs of Southern Michigan by Emelyn-Elizabeth Gardner and Geraldine Jencks Chickering, 1939.
   hh. "Yonder Comes a Heavenly Creature" sung by O. B. Campbell of Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma, 1934.
he University Studies - Volumes 32-37 - pages 356-77; 1934. Also as "Madam I Have Gold and Silver" in the Max Hunter Collection Cat. #1177 (MFH #470) as sung by O.B. Campbell, Vinita, Oklahoma on August 9, 1971.
   ii. "Yonder Sits a Humble Creature." Sung by Mrs. Matilda Keene of Newberry, Fla., recorded by Alton C. Morris, 1937. (AFS979B2) From WPA field recordings in Alachua County (1936-1937 recording expedition) (S 1576, reel T86-220)
   jj. "Spanish Lady" sung by Mrs. S. T. Topper, Ashland, Ohio, 1939; from Ballads and Songs from Ohio by Mary Olive Eddy, p. 222.
   kk. "I Admire a Black-Eyed Man," vocal performance by Lena Bourne Fish at East Jaffrey (New Hampshire). Dated 08-26-1943. Recorded by Helen Flanders.
   ll. "I Come You a-Courting" sung by Matt Linehan of Kerry about 1948 collected by Seamus Ennis. My date, title. Text from Mainly Norfolk.
   mm. "Madam, Madam, You Came Courting" sung by William Gilkie, Sambro, NS, September, 1950; from Maritime Folk Songs by Flanders.
   nn. "Ower Yon Hill There Lives a Lassie," sung by Belle Stewart (1906-1997) of Blairgowrie , Perthsire in 1955. Learned from her older brother, who got it from an uncle in Perth. From: Recording Collection at School of Scottish Studies; Track ID - 60117; Original Tape ID - SA1955.036.
   oo. "Twenty, Eighteen," as sung by George Townsend, Lewes, Sussex, in 1960; recorded by Brian Matthews. From: Musical Traditions MT CD 304: Come Hand to me the Glass.
   pp. "Rattle on the Stovepipe," sung by LaRena Clark of Ontario c.1960; collected by Edith Fowke. From: A Family Heritage: The Story and Songs of LaRena Clark by Edith Fowke, Jay Rahn, LaRena LeBarr Clark.
   qq. "Madam, I Have Come A-Courting," sung by Mrs. Arlington Fraser of Lancaster, Ontario, 1961. Collected by Edith Fowke. From Fowke's "Ring Around the Moon" pp. 122-123.
   rr. "Ripest Apples," sung by Joe Jones of St Mary Cray, Kent between 1972-75. Recorded by Mike Yates. From: Musical Traditions anthology of Gypsy songs and music from South-East England, Here's Luck to a Man, 2003.
   ss. "Ripest Apples" sung by Joe Cooper of Biggin Hill, Kent collected by Stephen Sedley in 1966 and Mike Yates in 1970. From: English Dance and Song - Volumes 36-37 - Page 15, 1974 by Yates. Also Stephen Sedley Sound Collection (Vaughan Williams Memorial Library, London) 17 CDA Tape Collection.
   tt. "Ripest Apples," as recorded by Mabs Hall of Billingshurst, Sussex in 1987. From: VT107 Ripest Apples and on VT115CD, As I went down to Horsham. Recorded by Mike Yates.

B. "Spanish Lady" ("Spanish Lady I" also "Galway City" and "Ettrick Lady") first two stanzas rewritten from "SONG LXXXIII" in "The Frisky Songster," 1776 edition. Also titled "The Ride in London" in "The Merry Muses: A Choice Collection of Favourite Songs Gathered by Robert Burns" 1827. Two Irish arrangements without stanzas of "Madam" using the early text rewritten are Joseph Campbell's poem "Spanish Lady" c. 1915 (Spanish Lady II) and Herbert Hughes musical arrangement "Spanish Lady," 1930 (Spanish Lady V). See appendix 8E for these versions. Versions with "Madam" stanzas text date to later half of the 1800s in Greig-Duncan collection.
   a. "As I Walked Up Through London City," sung by Mrs. Margaret Gillespie (1841-1910)   of Glasgow, sister of Rev. Duncan about 1906; collected Duncan, version B from Greig-Duncan Collection.
   b. "Edinburgh City," sung by William Wallace of Leochel-Cushnie collected by Greig about 1907, version D from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   c. "London City," sung by John Johnstone of New Deer collected by Greig about 1907 (As I went up thro' London City) Greig-Duncan Collection 4 pp.66-71, version E. Mistitled, with music for version F.
   d. "Spanish Lady." sung by Belle Robertson of New Pitsligo (b.1841), got her songs from her mother and maternal grandmother. This is also variant of "she answered No." Collected Grieg about 1907, version I from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   e. "Spanish Lady," sung by Mrs. Longhill Dunbar of Crimond, Aberdeenshire about 1908; b. 1855 married John Dunbar collected by Greig, version A from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   f. "Dublin City"- sung by Miss Georgina Reid of Collyford, New Deer, married name Mrs Ironside of Tarriff ; collected by Greig about 1908; version F from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   g. "Spanish Lady," sung by Mary Cruickshank of Aberdeenshire; collected by Greig about 1908, published in 1910 in Greig's weekly folk song column. version C from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   h. "Twenty-Eighteen." Sung by Fred Yeldam, July 12th, 1911, and on Oct. 5th, 1911 by Mrs. Hollingsworth, Thaxted. Noted by Clive Carey. From Five English Folk Songs taken from Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Dec., 1934), pp. 130-137.
   i. "Oh, Dear Oh (Spanish Lady)." Sung by Ethel Findlater of Orkney. Learned about 1914 from her cousin Bella who sang a chorus after every two verses, though Ethel thinks even that is too often. From two recordings at Collection - School of Scottish Studies, 1969.
   j. "Galway City" as sung by Clancy Brothers. Recorded in 1965 and released 1966 on their "Isn't It Grand Boys" album. Tommy Makem got this from Sean O'Boyle of Armahg.
   k. "Ettrick Lady," sung by The Corries from the Album: Live from Scotland Volume 2; 1975. Based on, or similar to, "Galway City" from Sean O'Boyle.

C. "She answered No" songs; versions with stanzas primarily of "Madam" with the "No" chorus.
   a. "No Sir, No" (Yonder is a comely flower) c. 1919 from "Kentucky Mountain Songs" by Wyman and Brockway.
   b. "Oh No, No Sir, No" sung by Mrs. Mary Brown of Greene County, PA. Collected by Bayard in 1929; from Pennsylvania Songs and Legends, Korson.
   c. "Yonder Comes a Heavenly Creature" sung by O.B. Campbvell Medford, OK 1934
   d. "Madam I Have Come A-Courting" vocal performance by Jonathan Moses at Orford (New Hampshire); recorded by Helen Flanders on 08-24-1951. Learned in North Haven, Maine.
   e1. Uh, uh No- sung by Lannis Sutton of Doxy Oklahoma, collected by Sam Esking about 1949. From Lomax, Folk-Songs of North America, 1960.
   e2. "All of her answers to me were No," recording by Peggy Seeger, Folk Songs of Courting & complaint; Folkways 1955.

D. Composite songs, "Vandy, Vandy" and all.
   a. "Seven Long Years." c. 1897. Reported by Mrs. R. D. Blacknall of Durham, with the note: "Sung by a Negro servant, Maria McCauley, presumably ex-slave of the Chapel Hill McCauleys. Heard forty-five years ago." Brown Collection volume 3, 1952.
   b1. "O Hatty Bell." Sung by Mrs. Godfrey of Marion, NC on September 3, 1918 from Sharp MS
   b2 "Hattie Bell" Greer MS http://omeka.library.appstate.edu/items/show/19554; no date c. 1918.
   c. "Yonder Stands a Handsome Creature," sung by Jake Sowder of Callaway, Virginia on August 14, 1918. My title. Composite from Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/3136).
   d. "Yankee Boys." Recorded from Able Shepherd, Bryson City, N. C about 1923. From: Some Songs and Ballads from Tennessee and North Carolina by Isabel Gordon Carter; The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 46, No. 179 (Jan.- Mar., 1933), pp. 22-50.
   e. "Annie Girl." From Mrs. G. V. Easley of Mississippi, who says that it was one of the most popular songs in her girlhood in Calhoun County. This is a compound of three songs, "The Drowsy Sleeper," "The Spanish Lady" ("No, Sir, No"), and "The Sailor's Return" ("The Broken Token"). From Hudson, Ballads and Songs from Mississippi, JAFL 1926.
   f. "Kind Miss" sung by Ann Riddell Anderson of the University of Kentucky, from The American Songbag- Carl Sandburg 1927. Composite of Drowsy Sleep and Madam.
   g. "Vandy Vandy" collected by Manly Wade Wellman c. 1946 in Moore County, North Carolina, published in 1953; arranged Bob Coltman.

E. English Traditional- Variants from Tristan da Cunha
   a. "Yonder stands a handsome creature," sung by Henry Green of Tristan da Cunha about 1938. From: Munch, "Song Tradition of Tristan da Cunha (1970) pp.90-93 (version A).
   b. "Yonder sits a handsome lady," sung by Frances Repetto of Tristan da Cunha about 1938. From: Munch, Song Tradition of Tristan da Cunha (1970) pp.90-93 (version B).

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 06 Sep 17 - 06:49 PM

Hi,

This is an archaic version from Canada from Carrie Grover's "Heritage of Songs," p.18 (Grover a singer and fiddler was born in 1879 in Black River, Nova Scotia moved to Maine when she was young and later in life to Pennsylvania). Julie Mainstone who sent this to me writes:

Both of these songs however, appear in the "Mother's Songs" section so they were either handed down through her Scotch grandparents/great-grandparents, or learned within the small Nova Scotian community where Grover was raised in the late 1800s. "There She Stands" was learned by Grover's mother, Eliza Spinney, (born 1840) when she herself was a young girl living in the same area where Carrie (Grover) was born/raised.

There she stands a lovely creature- as sung by Mrs. Carrie Grover, learned from her mother c. 1887.

There she stands a lovely creature
Who she is I do not know
I will court her for her beauty
she can only answer, "no".

Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have houses and land.
Madam, I have ships on the ocean.
All will be at your command.

What care I for gold and silver?
What care I for houses and land?
What care I for ships on the ocean?
All I want is a handsome man.

Handsome man is out of the question,
Handsome man you can not find.
Handsome man is out of the question,
Can not be at your command.

Madam, do not stand on beauty;
Youth and beauty fade away
Like a rose that blooms in the morning
And in the evening dies away.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 05 Sep 17 - 08:50 PM

Here are two versions from Canada from Fowke's informants:

The first is from Fowke, "Ring Around the Moon" pp. 122-123. The last stanza is from The Courting Case.

Madam I Have Come A-Courting- sung by Mrs. Arlington Fraser of Lancaster, Ontario, 1961. Collected by Edith Fowke.

1. Madam, I have come a-courting,
If your favor I might gain,
If you'll freely entertain me
Oh, perhaps I'll call again.

CHORUS: Da-di-dum, a-derry, a-derry, a-derry,
Da-di-dum a-derry, a-derry, a-day,

2. Blue is a handsome colour,
Till it gets a second dip,
Like young men when they go a-courting
Very often make a slip.
CHORUS:

Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have houses and land;
Madam, I have a worldly treasure,
All to be at your command.
CHORUS:

What care I for your gold or silver?
What care I for your house and land?
What care I for your worldly treasure?
All I want is a handsome young man.
CHORUS:

The biggest apple soon grow rotten,
The hottest love soon grows cold;
Young men's words are soon forgotten,
Pretty fair maid, don't speak so bold.
CHORUS:

A handsome man I do admire
A handsome man I do adore
A handsome man I mean to marry
Be him rich or be him poor.
CHORUS:

Madam you are very saucy
Madam you are hard to please
Madam you are very saucy--
I hope to the Lord that you will freeze.
CHORUS:

* * * *

The 2nd is from A Family Heritage: The Story and Songs of LaRena Clark by Edith Fowke, Jay Rahn, LaRena LeBarr Clark. There are only two secondary stanzas of Madam in this unusual version.

Rattle on the Stovepipe- sung by LaRena Clark (ON) c.1960 Fowke

CHORUS 1: Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Jew's harp
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Joe!
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Jew's harp,
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Joe!

1. She was kissing; I was wishing
Didn't know what she was about,
Robbed me of my gold and silver,
Then she kicked me threw me out.

CHORUS 2: Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Jew's harp
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Joe!

2. Blue is a pretty colour,
Before it get a second dip,
Young boys when they go a-courting
Very often get the slip.

CHORUS 2: Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Jew's harp
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Joe!

3. Ripest apples soon grow rotten,
Hottest love will soon grow cold.
Pretty maids are soon forgotten;
I pray young men don't be so bold.

CHORUS 2: Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Jew's harp
Rattle on the stovepipe, bootjack, Joe!

4. Deepest water running swiftly
Birds a-flying through the air,
Kiss the young men, go a courting,
Kind sir, I don't have a care

Chorus 1

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 04 Sep 17 - 01:03 PM

Hi,

Here's a nice version from Florida.

"Yonder Sits a Humble Creature." Sung by Mrs. Matilda Keene of Newberry, Fla., recorded by Alton C. Morris, 1937. (AFS979B2)
Listen: https://www.floridamemory.com/audio/folk.php

Yonder sits a humble creature,
Lily-white brow as white as snow,
I'll go court her for her beauty,
Make her answer Yes or No.

CHORUS: La la, la la la la,
La la, la la la.

"Madam I will court you for your beauty,
If you'll only entertain,
Please sit down and I'll treat you handsome
If you never come again.
CHORUS

Madam I have gold and silver,
Madam I have house and land,
Madam I have a world of pleasure
You may have at your command.
CHORUS

What cares I for your gold and silver?
What cares I for you house and land?
Nothing cares I for your world of pleasure,
All's I want is a handsome man.
CHORUS

Madam why do you brag on beauty?
Beauty's a flower that will decay,
Pull a red rose in the morning,
By the noon it will fade away.
CHORUS

The ripest apple is the soonest rotten,
The warmest love['s] the soonest cold,
Young man's dreams are so uncertain,
Pray young miss, don't you be so bold.
CHORUS

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 02 Sep 17 - 10:25 AM

Hi,

In May of 1906 H.E. Hammond collected at least four versions in Dorset. This version (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection; HAM/3/19/5) starts with the a first line resembling Broken Token/Sweetheart in the Army/Fair Maid in the Garden. The last stanza (False Young Man) is found in the Roxburghe version of Madam titled "The Handsom' Woman." See also "As I Walkèd Forth In The Pride Of The Season" where the maid wears the green willow. Cf. John Greening version.

"A Pretty Maiden" sung by Mrs. Elizabeth Simms of Uploders, Dorset in May, 1906. Collected by Henry Hammond.

A pretty fair maid walking in her garden,
But her name I do not know,
I'll go and court her for her beauty,
Let her answer be "Yes" or No."

Madam, Madam, I'm come a-courting,
That my favor I may gain,
Sit you down you're kindly welcome,
Then perhaps you may call again.

"Madam I have gold and silver,
Madam I have house and land
Madam I have a world of pleasure,
I leave it all at your command."

Don't tell me of your gold and treasure,
Don't tell me of your house and land
Don't tell me of your world of pleasure,
All I want is a handsome man.

Handsome men are out of fashion,
Maiden's beauties soon decay.
You pick a flower of a summer's morning,
Before the evening it will fade away.

First comes the oxslip and then the cruel[1],
Then the pink and then the may,
Then comes a new love, then comes a truelove
And so we pass our time away.

Once I lay on a young man's pillow,
Which I thought it was my own,
Now I do so lie under the willow,
All for the sake of a false young man.

1. a smaller form of cowslip

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 31 Aug 17 - 09:31 PM

Hi,

Here's a version of Spanish Lady IV (name is used only) from: Wehman's Universal Songster Volume 39. Published in NY about 1893. The last stanza is from "The Johnson Boys."

THE SPANISH LADY.

Yonder sits a Spanish lady,
Who she is I do not know;
I'll go court her for her beauty,
Let her answer be yea or no.

Chorus. Nedy um a do to dod dum da,
Nedy um a do to du dum da.

Madam, I have come a-courting,
Though your name I do not know;
I will court you for your beauty,
Let your answer be yes or no.- Chorus.

Sir, if you have come a-courting
Some kind pleasure for to win,
I will kindly entertain you
If you will never come again.- Chorus.

Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have house and land;
Madam, I have a world of treasure,
All to be at your command.- Chorus.

What care I for your gold and silver,
What care I for your house and land;
What care I for your world of treasure,
All I want is a handsome man.- Chorus.

Blue is a pretty color
When it gets a second dip,
Young men when they go a-courting
Very often get the slip.- Chorus.

Ripest apples soonest rotten,
Hottest love soonest cold;
Young men's vows are soon forgotten,
Pray, pretty maids, don't be so bold.- Chorus

Iowa boys are the boys of honor,
To court pretty maids they're not afraid.
Hug them, kiss them, call them honey;
That's the way, boys; don't be afraid. -Chorus.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 26 Aug 17 - 07:32 PM

Hi,

I'm starting to organize "Madam." I've created the following appendices for versions that are related but lacking the core stanzas or that are related but have different text:

8A. "Oh No, John," or, "No Sir"
8B. The Courting Case
8C. On a Mountain Stands a Lady (children's game songs/skipping songs)
8D. The Quaker's Courtship, or, Quaker's Wooing
8E. The Spanish Lady II, III, IV
8F. Come My Little Roving Sailor (Roving Sailor)

Here's what I have so far for "Madam"- the requirement is the version must have approximately 50% or more of the core stanzas of Madam (all the versions have not been added yet):

8. Madam, I Have Come to Court You (Madam, I Am Come to Court You); Roud 542 (Madam, I have Gold and Silver; The Lovely Creature; Yonder Stands a Lovely Creature; Spanish Lady I; Ripe is the Apple Love; Twenty-Eighteen; Ripest Apple;)

A. Madam I Am/Have Come to Court You ("Yonder sits/stands a Lovely Creature," "Twenty-Eighteen," "Ripe is the Apple Love," "Ripest Apple" )
   a. "The Lovely Creature" ("Yonder sits a Lovely Creature"), broadside printed at Aldermary Churchyard by one of the Dicey/Marshall dynasty and is probably about 1760. It comes from British Library 11621 e 6, items 1 to 26.
   b. "A New Song" ("Yonder Sits a Handsome Creature") broadside dated c. 1776. From British Library, item 1346 m 7, Broadsides 1 to 42, this being item 29, 3 songs of which this is the third.
   c. "What care I for your golden treasures?" a single stanza learned c.1780 by John Randolph of Virginia. Taken from a letter written by John Randolph in 1822. Published in "John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833: A Biography. . ." by William Cabell Bruce- 1922.
   d. "Yonder Stands a Handsome Lady" was collected from the journal of the Diana, a ship harbored in New York under Captain Hay in 1819. The text is given in Hungtington's "Songs the Whalemen Sang."
   e. "Madam I Am Come to Court You," from Halliwell's 1846 book, "The Nursery Rhymes of England, obtained principally from oral tradition."
   f. "There She Stands, a Lovely Creature" from New York Games and songs of American children, collected and compared by W.W. Newell by American children, 1883.
   g. "The Disdainful Lady" Sung by Harriet Dowley, of Edgmond, who knew no title to it. From Shropshire Folk-lore, a Sheaf of Gleanings - Part 2, page 552, by Charlotte Sophia Burne, Georgina Frederica Jackson, 1885.
   h. "In Yonder Grove," Taken down from George Cole, quarryman, aged 76, Rundlestone, Dartmoor, 1890. Baring-Gould Ms. Ref. PC 1. 194.
   i. "Twenty, Eighteen" - Sung by a carpenter at Besthorpe, Norfolk, to the Rev. J. T. Howard, and collected by John Graham for The Musical Herald, September, 1891. Reprinted in English County Songs edited by Lucy Etheldred Broadwood and John Alexander Fuller-Maitland, 1908.
   j. "Here she stands, a lovely creature," sung by Washington children. From Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, Volume 37, 1886; " Song Games and Myth Dramas at Washington," by W. H. Babcock.
   k. "The (Lincolnshire) Handsome Woman" from an unknown singer in Lincolnshire reported as a footnote to another song by Ebsworth, Roxburghe, 1899. It was taken orally by Colonel F. G. Baylay, R.A.(Royal Artillery; Woolwich), and communicated to the Editor by his friend Hubert Roberts, of Boston.
   l. "Madam I have gold and silver," Michigan. "Quite unexpectedly the bride's mother sang to me two verses of a courting song her mother had used to sing to her, about 1902, in the lumber woods." From Hoosier Folklore - Volumes 5-6 - Page 13, 1946.
   l. "Madam I am Come For to Court You," sung by William Smith of Twyford, Hampshire in June, 1905. Collected by G.B. Gardiner; George Gardiner Manuscript Collection (GG/1/2/62)
   m. "Madam, Madam, I Come a Courting," sung by Mrs. Fortey of Walton Dorset in May 1906; Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/16/10).
   n. "Madam I am Come a-Courting," sung by John Greening of Cuckolds' Corner, North Bridport, Dorset in May 1906. Collector: H.E.D. Hammond, Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/17/18)
   o. "Madam, Madam, I Come a-Courting" sung by Mrs. Elizabeth Simms, Uploders, Dorset in May 1906. Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection (HAM/3/19/5)
   p. "Ripest Apples," sung by William Davis of Porlock Weir, Somerset on 7 September 1906. Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/1125).
   q. "Yonder Stands a Lovely Creature"-- sung by Mrs. Cranstone of Billingshurst, Sussex about 1907, collected and transcribed by George Butterworth Manuscript Collection (GB/4/23).
   r. "A Spanish Lady." A Cornwall informant quotes (Dec. 11, 1909) a version formerly heard at Colborne, Ont., which he supposes to be Irish. From Journal of American Folklore, Volume 31, 1917; "Canadian Folk-Lore from Ontario" by F.W. Waugh.
   s. "Ripe is the Apple Love" collected from a Hampshire gypsy by Alice Gillington in her book of gypsy songs titled, "Songs of the Open Road," which was published 1911.
   t. "Madam I have Gold and Silver," communicated in 1911 by G. C. Broadhead of Columbia, Missouri was published in Belden's "Ballads & Songs" pp. 506-507.
   u. "Madam, I have come to court ye" sung by S. C. of Boston, Mass., a native of County Tyrone, Ireland was published with music in the article "Irish Folk-Song" by Phillips Barry in Journal of American Folklore, Volume 24, page 342.
   v. "Spanish Lady." Communicated by Miss Violet Noland, Davis, Tucker County, 1916; obtained from Mr. John Raese, who heard it sung when he was a boy. From Cox; "Folk songs of the South," 1925.
   w. "March Away," sung by David Sawyer of Ogbourne St. Andrew in County Wiltshire published Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard, 22nd January, 1916, p 2, Part 15, No. 2. Collected by Alfred Williams.
   x. "Yonder sits a pretty little creature" sung by Charles Tanner in County Oxfordshire published Wilts and Gloucestershire Standard, 22nd January, 1916, p 2, Part 15, No. 3. Collected by Alfred Williams.
   y. "Madam, I Have Gold and Silver," c. 1919. From Henry "Dutch" Gerlach who taught it before he died, during the World War I influenza epidemic, to Mr. Siemsen. 1963 Folkways Records "New York State Songs and Ballads."
   z. "Kind Miss" sung by Ann Riddell Anderson of the University of Kentucky, from The American Songbag- Carl Sandburg 1927.
   aa. "Yonder Hill There Is a Widow" sung by Mrs. Alma Kidder of Townshend, Vermont on August 23, 1930 from Vermont Folk-Songs and Ballads by Flanders, Brown, pp. 154-155.
   bb."The Spanish Maiden," sung in 1931 by Mr. Clarence C. Chickering, Belding.Ballads & Songs of Southern Michigan by Emelyn-Elizabeth Gardner and Geraldine Jencks Chickering, 1939.
   cc. "Spanish Lady" sung by Mrs. S. T. Topper, Ashland, Ohio, 1939; from Ballads and Songs from Ohio by Mary Olive Eddy, p. 222.
   dd. "I Admire a Black-Eyed Man," vocal performance by Lena Bourne Fish at East Jaffrey (New Hampshire). Dated 08-26-1943. Recorded by Helen Flanders.
   ee. "Madam, Madam, You Came Courting" sung by William Gilkie, Sambro, NS, September, 1950; from Maritime Folk Songs by Flanders.

B. "Spanish Lady I" (Galway City also Ettrick Lady) first two stanzas rewritten from "SONG LXXXIII" in "The Frisky Songster," 1776 edition. Also titled "The Ride in London" in "The Merry Muses: A Choice Collection of Favourite Songs Gathered by Robert Burns" 1827. Two Irish arrangements without stanzas of "Madam" using the early text rewritten are Joseph Campbell's poem "Spanish Lady" c. 1915 and Herbert Hughes musical arrangement "Spanish Lady," 1930. See appendix 8E for these versions. Versions with "Madam" stanzas text date to later half of the 1800s in Greig-Duncan collection.
   a. "As I Walked Up Through London City," sung by Mrs. Margaret Gillespie (1841-1910)   of Glasgow, sister of Rev. Duncan about 1906; collected Duncan, version B from Greig-Duncan Collection.
   b. "Edinburgh City," sung by William Wallace of Leochel-Cushnie collected by Greig about 1907, version D from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   c. "London City," sung by John Johnstone of New Deer collected by Greig about 1907 (As I went up thro' London City) Greig-Duncan Collection 4 pp.66-71 (version E). Mistitled, with music and the text for Grieg version F.
   d. "Spanish Lady." sung by Belle Robertson of New Pitsligo (b.1841), got her songs from her mother and maternal grandmother. This is also variant of "she answered No." Collected Grieg about 1907, version I from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   e. "Spanish Lady," sung by Mrs. Longhill Dunbar of Crimond, Aberdeenshire about 1908; b. 1855 married John Dunbar collected by Greig, version A from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   f. "Dublin City"- sung by Miss Georgina Reid of Collyford, New Deer, married name Mrs Ironside of Tarriff ; collected by Greig about 1908; version F from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   g. "Spanish Lady," sung by Mary Cruickshank of Aberdeenshire; collected by Greig about 1908, published in 1910 in Greig's weekly folk song column. version C from Greig-Duncan Collection 4.
   h. "Twenty-Eighteen." Sung by Fred Yeldam, July 12th, 1911, and on Oct. 5th, 1911 by Mrs. Hollingsworth, Thaxted. Noted by Clive Carey. From Five English Folk Songs taken from Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Dec., 1934), pp. 130-137.
    i. "Oh, Dear Oh (Spanish Lady)." Sung by Ethel Findlater of Orkney. Learned about 1914 from her cousin Bella who sang a chorus after every two verses, though Ethel thinks even that is too often. From two recordings at Collection - School of Scottish Studies, 1969.

C. "She answered No" songs; versions with stanzas primarily of "Madam" with the "No" chorus.
    a. "No Sir, No" (Yonder is a comely flower) c. 1919 from "Kentucky Mountain Songs" by Wyman and Brockway.
    b. "Oh No, No Sir, No" sung by Mrs. Mary Brown of Greene County, PA. Collected by Bayard in 1929; from Pennsylvania Songs and Legends, Korson.
    c. "Madam I Have Come A-Courting" vocal performance by Jonathan Moses at Orford (New Hampshire); recorded by Helen Flanders on 08-24-1951. Learned in North Haven, Maine.

D. "Roving Sailor." ("Come my little roving sailor"). The opening stanza is Roving Sailor, a play-party, fiddle tune; the rest is Madam.
   a. "Come my little Roving Sailor," sung by Mrs I.T. (Lucy) Cannady at Endicott, Virginia on August 22nd. 1918. From Sharp's "English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians" 1932 edition, edited Karpeles. Sharp A
   b. "Roving Sailor." Sung by Mr. Jacob Sowder at Callaway, Franklin Co., Va., August 14th 1918. From Sharp's "English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians" 1932 edition, edited Karpeles. Sharp C.

E. Composite songs, "Vandy, Vandy" and all.
   a. "Seven Long Years." c. 1897. Reported by Mrs. R. D. Blacknall of Durham, with the note: "Sung by a Negro servant, Maria McCauley, presumably ex-slave of the Chapel Hill McCauleys. Heard forty-five years ago." Brown Collection volume 3, 1952.
   b1. "O Hatty Bell." Sung by Mrs. Godfrey of Marion, NC on September 3, 1918 from Sharp MS
   b2 "Hattie Bell" Greer MS http://omeka.library.appstate.edu/items/show/19554; no date c. 1918.
   c1. "Yankee Boys." Recorded from Able Shepherd, Bryson City, N. C about 1923. From: Some Songs and Ballads from Tennessee and North Carolina by Isabel Gordon Carter; The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 46, No. 179 (Jan.- Mar., 1933), pp. 22-50.
   c2. "All of her answers to me were No," recording by Peggy Seeger, Folk Songs of Courting & complaint; Folkways 1955.
   d. "Annie Girl." From Mrs. G. V. Easley of Mississippi, who says that it was one of the most popular songs in her girlhood in Calhoun County. This is a compound of three songs, "The Drowsy Sleeper," "The Spanish Lady" ("No, Sir, No"), and "The Sailor's Return" ("The Broken Token"). From Hudson, Ballads and Songs from Mississippi, JAFL 1926.
   e. "Kind Miss" sung by Ann Riddell Anderson of the University of Kentucky, from The American Songbag- Carl Sandburg 1927. Composite of Drowsy Sleep and Madam.
   f. "Vandy Vandy" collected by Manly Wade Wellman in Moore County, North Carolina, published in 1953; arranged Bob Coltman.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 26 Aug 17 - 10:11 AM

Hi,

Here's another "she answered No" song made of primarily from stanzas of Madam:

"Oh No, No Sir, No!" Collected from Mrs. Mary Brown by Bayard in 1929 in Greene County, Pennsylvania.

1. Yonder sits a lovelye creature,
Who she is I do not know;
I'll step up and court her favor,
Let her answer Yes or No.
CHORUS: Oh, no, no, sir, no!
Always to answer the young men no.

2. Madam, I have come a-courting,
And if your favor I can gain,
And if you'll highly entertain me,
Then perhaps I'll come again.
CHORUS:

3. Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have house and land;
Madam, I have this world's pleasures,
And all shall be at your command.
CHORUS:

4. What care I for gold and silver,
What care I for house and land?
What care I for this world's pleasures?
All I want is a handsome man.
CHORUS:

5. My father was a Spanish merchant,
Where he is I do not know;
Before he left me, he made me promise
To always answer the young men No.
CHORUS:

6. Madam, if you were to live single,
Say, perhaps, one year or two,
Madam, would you be offended
If I should offer my hand to you?
CHORUS (emphatically)

7. As we sit together talking,
The north wind began to blow;
I saw the rising sun approaching
And I said, "Dear madam, I must go."
CHORUS:

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 25 Aug 17 - 09:46 PM

Hi,

There are several versions the "she answers No" chorus with are versions of Madam. This short version is one example.

"Madam I Have Come A-Courting" - voice performance by Jonathan Moses at Orford (New Hampshire); recorded by Helen Flanders on 08-24-1951. Learned in North Haven, Maine. Listen, Track 01: https://archive.org/details/HHFBC_tapes_T07A

Madam, I have come a-courting
Your perfection for to win,
If you'll kindly entertain me,
Perhaps I may return again.
CHORUS: No, no, no no no sir,
All of her answers to me was No.

Oh madam I have gold and silver,
Madam I have houses and lands,
Oh madam I have ships on anchor
All to be at your command.
CHORUS

Don't want some[1] of your gold or silver
Don't want some of your houses and lands,
Don't want some of your ships on anchor
All's I want's a handsome man.
CHORUS

A handsome man that I admire,
A handsome man that I adore,
A handsome man that I will have,
Whether he is rich or poor.
CHORUS

1. Sings: "I want some of" which makes no sense-- this stanza is from Moses 1933 recording with a different chorus.
* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 25 Aug 17 - 09:01 PM

Hi,

This is an unusual version of "Madam":

"I Admire a Black Eyed Man," vocal performance by Lena Bourne Fish at East Jaffrey (New Hampshire). Dated 08-26-1943. Recorded by Helen Flanders. Listen: https://archive.org/details/HHFBC_tapes_D20B [starts about 21:30] Corrections?

Madam I have come a-courting
And your favor I hope to gain,
If you'll kindly entertain me,
Maybe I will come again.
CHORUS: Ladies go you hair up,
Hair up, hair up,
Ladies go you hair up,
Prim and fine.

Madam I am bold and handsome,
I have money houses and land,
If you'll be my wife, my darling,
All of this is at your command.
CHORUS

I do not want your gold and silver,
Nor your fortune, houses and land,
Your fine features do not lure me
For I admire a black-eyed man.
CHORUS

A black-eyed man I do admire,
Raven locks I do adore,
A black-eyed man I'll surely marry,
whether he is rich or poor.
CHORUS

So your gold and silver tinkling
All your fortune houses and land
But I speaks of fiery whiskers,
I will choose a black-eyed man.
CHORUS

Gold would buy me silks and satins,
I could dress like a lady grand,
But I prefer to this a [ ]
With a charming black-eyed man.
CHORUS:

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 23 Aug 17 - 12:05 PM

Hi,

Here's a Scottish composite version of "Spanish Lady" and "lady answered No" sung by Bell Robertson of New Pitsligo (b.1841) which may, through her mother and maternal grandmother of Strichen, date back to the 1700s or early 1800s. It was collected by Grieg about 1907 and is version I from Greig-Duncan Collection, vol. 4.

1. Walking down through London city,
Between twelve and one at night,
There I saw a Spanish lady
Wash herself by candle light.
CHORUS: She said Aye, no, no, no,
She said Aye, no, no, no,
She said Aye, no, no, no,
Still the lady answered No.

2 Wi' a basin full of water
And a towel in her hand.
And a candle on the table,
Like an angel she did stand.
CHORUS

3 Madam, I am come to court you,
If I could your favour gain.
And gin ye mak me kindly welcome
Maybe I come back again.
CHORUS

4. My father he's a wealthy merchant
He has lately gone from home
He left me strict directions
Never to say Aye to none.
CHORUS

5. Saw ye ever a copper kettle,
Marriet with a brazen pan,
Saw ye ever a Spanish Lady,
Would refuse an Englishman?
CHORUS

The Scottish versions of Spanish Lady have the opening stanzas of the bawdy 1776 song rewritten as found Bell's stanza 1 and 2. They are followed by stanzas of "Madam" and in Bell's version there is only one. The Spanish merchant stanza is standard in "Oh No John" and "No Sir," while the last stanza is found in "Galway City" and some other versions of Spanish Lady.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 22 Aug 17 - 03:23 PM

Hi,

"Spanish Lady," sung by Mrs. Longhill Dunbar of Crimond, Aberdeenshire also has a "tarry trousers" stanza. Longhill was born in 1855 then married John Dunbar-- her version is dated about 1908 and was collected by Greig, version A from Greig-Duncan Collection.

7 Some court maidens for their money,
Bring to me their heart's delight,
He that wears the tarry trousers
Shines to me like diamonds bright.

Anyone know Eddie Butcher's version (1966) of Tarry Trousers held at Ulster Folk & Transport Museum collection? Can't find it there?

I've started writing the headnotes to "Madam" here: http://www.bluegrassmessengers.com/8-madam-i-have-come-to-court-you-.aspx

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 20 Aug 17 - 03:24 PM

Hi,

Another version with Tarry Trousers is taken from Sam Henry's Songs of the People. Most versions titled "Tarry Trousers/Trowsers" are a different song of a mother-daughter conversation about marrying a sailor.

According to one online site (Contemplator): "Tarry trousers" refers to the sailor's practice of waterproofing their trousers with tar. This may be among the reasons sailors were referred to as "tars," a term used since 1676. Between 1857 and 1891 sailors also wore black 'tarpaulin' hats (boater-shaped with ribbon around the crown). The term "Jack Tar" has been in use since the 1780s.

Tarry Trousers- from Sam Henry, published in North Ireland on Feb. 10, 1934

Yonder stands a pretty maiden,
Who she is I do not know,
I'll go court her for her beauty,
Let her answer yes or no.

'Pretty maid, I've come to court you,
If your favour I do gain
And you make me hearty welcome,
I will call this way again.'

'Sit you down, you're heart'ly welcome,
Sit you down and chat a while,
Sit you down, you're heart'ly welcome,
Suppose you do not call again?'

'Pretty little maid, I've gold and riches,
Pretty little maid, I've houses and lands,
Pretty little maid, I've worldly treasures.
And all will be at your command.'

'What do I care for your worldly treasures?
What do I care for your houses and lands?
What do I care for your gold and riches?
All that I want is a nice young man.'

'Why do you dive so deep in beauty?
It is a flower will soon decay,
It's like the rose that blooms in summer
When winter comes, it fades away.'

'My love wears the tarry trousers,
My love wears the jacket blue,
My love ploughs the deep blue ocean,
So, young man, be off with you.'

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 20 Aug 17 - 02:40 PM

Hi,

The version below by Findlater (below) introduces the "tarry trousers" found in several other versions of Spanish Lady/Madam. I have the version from Sam Henry. Does anyone have The Tarry Trousers, "Yonder stands a pretty little maiden" from O Lochlainn, More Irish Street Ballads (1965) p.243 ?

Oh, Dear Oh (Spanish Lady)- Sung by Ethel Findlater of Orkney. Learned about 1914 from her cousin Bella who sang a chorus after every two verses, though Ethel thinks even that is too often.
Listen: http://www.tobarandualchais.co.uk/en/fullrecord/64119/3

1 Walking up Edinburgh city,
At the back of twelve o'clock at night,
There I spied a Spanish lady
Dressing herself with candlelight.

2 "Madam I have come to court you,
What you are I do not know;
Madam I have come to court you,
If your answer should be No."

(chorus) Oh, dear Oh, if I had a sailor,
Oh, dear Oh, if I had but one;
Oh, dear Oh, if I had a sailor,
With his tarry trousers on.

3 "Come sit down your hearty welcome,
Wither you call again or no;
Come sit down your hearty welcome,
If my should be no."

4 "Madam, I have gold and silver;
Madam, I have houses and land;
Madam, I have men and maidens,
And they all shall be at your command.

5 What care I for your gold and silver?
What care I for your houses and land?
What care I for your men and maidens,
All I want a handsome young man." .

(chorus) Oh, dear Oh, if I had a sailor,
Oh, dear Oh, if I had but one;
Oh, dear Oh, if I had a sailor,
With his tarry trousers on.

7. Madam you talk much of beauty
It is a flower that will soon decay;
For the fairest flower that blooms in summer,
When winter comes it fades away."

(chorus)

8 "Don't you see yon lugger coming,
With the long boat at the stern;
It's him that's got my heart a-keeping,
I wish he had my body too."

(chorus)

9 "My two eyes are dim with weeping,
Oh, dear O, what shall I do;
It's him that's got my heart a-keeping,
I wish he had my body too."

Chorus (2x)

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 19 Aug 17 - 11:37 AM

Hi,

TY for that post Reinhard. Curiously, Lomax wrote the notes for Ives 1945 Decca album "A Collection of Ballads and Folk Songs." I couldn't find those notes online. Anyone?

Since the version Ives collected has this line "Around her shoulders she pegged a towel" plus the "Wheel of Fortune" refrain which are also found in Frank Harte's version, it seems possible that Harte used part of Ives recording for his arrangement. Ives account of how he learned Dublin City from an Irish bartender in NYC would seem to contradict the account of him singing the song to his mother-- as if he learned it at an early age in Illinois.

An additional note about Norfolk version of "Twenty Eighteen" found in "The Espérance Morris Book" (1910) by Mary Neal, Clive Carey, Geoffrey Toye, states: An old settler in Massachusetts fifty years ago used to sing at the end of the refrain, "I've done," instead of "And one." This suggests that the "Charming creature" had to say "Yes" or "No" by the time the figures were counted.

The use of the "Twenty, Eighteen" chorus was also found in "The Queen's Health" given with music in "Songs Collected from Sussex" by Ralph Vaughan Williams, Cecil J. Sharp, G. S. K. Butterworth, Frank Kidson, A. G. Gilchrist and Lucy E. Broadwood (Journal of the Folk-Song Society, Vol. 4, No. 17 (Jan., 1913), pp. 279-324). Broadwood traced the tune for this and "Madam" to scarce ballad-opera of "Achilles" (1733). Her notes follow:

7.-THE QUEEN'S HEALTH.
SUNG BY G. KNIGHT,
AIR Noted by George Butterworth. HORSHAM, APRIL, 1907.

1. See and view this glass of liquor,
How inviting it does look,
It makes the lawyer prattle quicker,
And a scholar burn his book.

CHORUS Twenty, eighteen, sixteen, fourteen,
twelve, ten, eight, six, four, two, none,
Nineteen, seventeen, fifteen, thirteen,
'leven, nine, seven, five, three and on.

2. It makes a dead horse try to caper,
And a dumb man try to sing,
It makes a coward draw his baton,
So here's a health to our Good Queen.
Twenty, eighteen, etc.

Opinion is divided as to whether this is a Dorian tune or an "everlasting" tune in the Ionian (or major) mode. This is surely a favourite old Irish tune. Wedded to new words about "Sheela of the Silver Eye" it became extremely popular again in one form, a few years ago, owing to the singing of Mr. Plunket Greene. The earliest printed version that I know is in the scarce ballad-opera of "Achilles" (1733). It is worth comparing with the traditional " health," which probably was sung before Queen Victoria's accession seeing that "sing" should rhyme with " king." - L. E. B.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Reinhard
Date: 19 Aug 17 - 03:14 AM

There is a reference to Burl Ives in the notes to the two-verse fragment of Dublin City on the 1961 Caedmon album Songs of Seduction which was sung by Seamus Ennis to Alan Lomax in Dublin in 1951:

"Burl Ives used to sing another version of this song, which begins:

    A I walked out in Dublin city
    About the hour of twelve at night,
    I spied a fair young maiden
    Washing her feet by candlelight,

In the refrain, she appears to be counting, but in reverse series, running from twenty to nothing and from nineteen to one. If one combines this refrain with the second stanza of the present version, perhaps the song may make sense as a picture of a market girl or a prostitute summing up her day's receipt of coins. On the other hand, perhaps, the first stanza here is another of the many instances in Irish folk song of an encounter with a feminine symbol of the spirit of depressed Ireland—in this case a revolutionary one. Now it appears that Seamus Ennis has collected a version with an number of stanzas linking the song with No, John, No or Keys of Heaven (see text). My guess is that these stanzas are an addict and an afterthought, but what the song really concerns, no one can be sure. Perhaps Robert Graves could offer on of his reasonable, supernatural explanations."

Seamus Ennis sings:

As I walked through Dublin City at the hour of twelve at night,
Who should I see but a maiden beauty, combing her hair with a four-pronged pike?

Chorus (after each verse):
Turry-idle-ido-dido-dido,
Turry-idle-ido-dido-day.

As I walked again through Dublin, on the same or another night,
Who should I see but the same fair maiden, counting her cash by the candlelight?

This is extended by verses sung by Matt Linehan, Kerry that were collected by Seamus Ennis:

I says, "Fair maid I come you a-courting, your fine features for to win,
If you'll kindly entertain me some dark night I'll call again."

She says, "Kind sir, you've come me a-courting, my fine features for to win,
And if I kindly entertain you, you may never call again."

She sent me very tight all over, including the crown of my old hat,
I pulled out my "pouse" revolver and let fly a terror shot.

When I heard the answer that she made me, I called her a bloody bean,
"Don't you know to whom you're talking? I am Linnehan from Lisheen.

"I have gold and I have money, I have cattle and I have land,
I have ships upon the ocean ready to sail at my command."

"I don't want your gold or money, I don't want your cattle and land,
I don't want your ships from the ocean; all I want is a fine young man."

Courtin' women is foolish folly and marryin' women is just the same.
Courtin' women when they're not willin' is like throwin' water against the stream.


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 18 Aug 17 - 11:40 PM

Hi,

The first published version similar to Frank Harte's version with the two choruses was in 1948. It was titled "Dublin City" and was collected about 1944 [my date, Ives was back in NYC Dec. 1943] by a once Illinois farm-boy living in New York City from an Irish bartender on Third Avenue. This singer included it on his first album in 1945, "A Collection of Ballads and Folk Songs" (Personality Series. Album No. A-407. New York: Decca Records). Did Frank Harte get part of his version from Burl Ives, an itinerant Illinois farm boy? Truth is sometimes stranger than fiction.

Here's the story behind the 1945 recording and the song, "Dublin City" which was published in "Wayfaring Stranger: An Autobiography" by BURL IVES. (Whittlesey House, 1948. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York:

It was lunchtime and I began to feel hungry. The aroma of beer drifted past my nostrils, my head turned toward it, and I followed my nose into a little bar-restaurant on Third Avenue.

The bar stretched along one wall; opposite was a row of tables covered with red-and-white checked cloths. A man and woman were seated at a table eatinsf boiled beef and white potatoes. An old man sat sipping a glass of beer at the end of the bar, his back toward the street. Further along the bar a grocery clerk sat in a white apron and coat and a hard-brimmed straw hat. I took a bar stool and ordered a beer and a salami sandwich. Above the bar were two Irish thorn canes crossed like swords. When the bartender spoke, my guess that he would be an Irishman was confirmed. He had the Irish kind of face that all good Irish bartenders have. He called my order to the kitchen. "Coming up," the cook called back.

The bartender mopped up the bar and served me a beer. Nobody spoke except the couple at the table and they spoke in quiet tones. An elevated train roared by every minute or two, trucks and taxicabs made gross music as they stopped, started and tooted their horns. The bartender took a clean cloth and started to polish the glasses stacked before the mirror behind the bar. As he twisted the white cloth in and out and around the glasses he hummed a melody in a minor key over and over. His song was interrupted by the cook who handed him a plate with my sandwich. He mopped the bar in front of me, and his cloth absorbed the rings of wet beer made by my glass.

"What was that tune you were humming?" I asked.

He looked at me, surprised and embarrassed. "And was I hummin' a tune?"

"Yes, you were, and a very nice tune."

He shook his head, "If my life depended on it, I couldn't repeat it."

I started to eat. He served a beer to the old man and began to polish the glasses again. Soon he was humming the tune. I took a pencil from my pocket, drew a musical staff on my paper napkin, and jotted down the notes of the melody.

I called him for another beer, and when he stood before me I said, "What is the name of this song?" I sang his tune back to him.

"Why, that's a song I sang as a young man in Dublin. Where did you hear it?"

I told him it was his melody, and he was much impressed and looked at the notes on the paper napkin. "What do you think about that now?" was all his amazement could utter.

I asked him if he could recall the words. "I think so," he said, and quietly he sang as only an Irishman can sing his own songs:


As 1 was a walkin through Dublin City
About the hour of twelve at night,
It was there I spied a fair, pretty maid,
Washing her feet in candle light.

First she washed them, and then she dried them,
Around her shoulders she pegged a towel,
And in all me life I ne'er did see,
Such a fine young girl, upon my soul.

She had 20, 18, 16, 14;
12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, none;
She had 19, 17, 15, 13;
11, 9, 7, 5, 8 and one:

Round round, the wheel of fortune
Where it stops wearies me.
Fair maids they are so deceivin'
Sad experience teaches me,

She had 20, 18, 16, 14;
12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, none.
She had 19, 17, 15, 13;
11, 9, 7, 5, 3 and one.

When I had learned the song and put a guitar accompaniment to it, I made an acetate record at a little voice-reproduction shop and brought it to my friend the bartender. When I saw him a few weeks later he told me that he had gathered all his friends together to listen to it. He said it was his most prized possession.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 18 Aug 17 - 08:31 PM

Hi,

Frank Harte sang The Spanish Lady in 1973 on his Topic LP "Through Dublin City." Harte said in the album liner notes:

    For too long this fine old Dublin song has been sung mainly by choral groups and concert sopranos. I remember the song from childhood and it has grown as I heard verses of it year after year. In some versions the last verse ends—

       She had 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 none
       She had 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 and 1,

    meaning "she had the odds and the evens of it"—- in other words she had everything.

The Spanish Lady- sung by Frank Harte at The Trinity Inn on June 12, 1998.
Listen: https://www.itma.ie/goilin/song/spanish_lady_frank_harte

As I was a-walking through Dublin City
About the hour of twelve at night,
It was there I saw a fair pretty female
Washing her feet by candlelight.

First she washed them and then she dried them
Around her shoulder she pegged a towel,
And in all me life I never did see
A maid so neat about the sole.

CHORUS: She had 20 18 16 14, 12 10 8 6 4 2 none,
She had 19 17 15 13, 11 9 7 5 3 and 1.

Well I stopped to look but the watchman passed
"Say, young fellow, the night is late
Along with you home or I will wrassle you
Straightway though the Bridewell Gate."

I got a look from the Spanish lady
Hot as the fire of ambry coals
And in all my life I never did see
A maid so neat about the sole.

CHORUS:

As I walked back through Dublin City
As the dawn of day was o'er
Oh, who should I spy but the Spanish lady
When I was weary and footsore.

She had a heart so filled with loving
And her love she longed to share,
And in all my life I never did meet with
A maid who had so much to spare.

CHORUS

Well, I've wandered north and I've wandered south
By Stoney Batter and Patrick's Close;
And up and around by the Gloucester Diamond
Back by Napper Tandy's house.

But old age has laid her hands upon me
Cold as a fire of ashy coals
But gone is the lovely Spanish lady
Neat and sweet about her sole.

CHORUS

2ND CHORUS: And round and round goes the Wheel of fortune,
Where it rests it wearies me,
Young maid's hearts are so uncertain,
Sad experience teaches me.

CHORUS

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 18 Aug 17 - 05:56 PM

Hi,

Another "Spanish Lady" variant is "Ettrick Lady" recorded by the Scottish folk group the Corries in 1975. This version is a re-write of "Galway City," a variant of "Madam" that Tommy Makem got from Irishman Sean O'Boyle (see original above).

Ettrick Lady- sung by The Corries from the Album: Live from Scotland Volume 2; 1975

[Mando solo]

As I gang doon the Ettrick Highway
At the hour o' twelve at night;
What should I spy but a handsome lassie,
Combin' her hair by candlelight.

Lassie, I have come a-courtin',
Your kind favors for to win;
And if you but smile upon me,
Next Sunday night I'll call again.

CHORUS: Falla-talla ru-dum, ru-dum, ru-u-dum;
Falla-talla ru-dum, ru-dum-day! (2X)

So to me you came a-courtin',
My kind favors for to win;
But 'twould give me the greatest pleasure
If you never would call again!

What would I do, when I go walking,
Walking out in the Ettrick view;
What would I do when I go walking,
Walkin' oot wi' a laddie like you?

- Chorus -

Lassie, I have gold and silver,
Lassie I have houses and land
Lassie, I have ships on the ocean,
They'll be all at your command.

What do I care for your ships on the ocean?
What do I care for your houses and land?
What do I care for your gold and silver?
When all I want is a handsome man!

- Chorus - [mando solo]

Did you ever see the grass in the mornin',
All bedecked with jewels rare?
Did you ever see a handsome lassie,
Diamonds sparkling in her hair?

Did you ever see a copper kettle,
Mended wi' an auld tin can?
Did you ever see a handsome lassie
Married up tae an ugly man?

- Chorus- (2x)

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 18 Aug 17 - 12:47 PM

Hi,

Here are two versions of "Madam, I'm a Darling," also known as "Chester City" (see DT link). The "Madam, I'm a Darling" title is named after the chorus which, in turn, is ironically similar to the words "Madam I'm come a courting." It was recorded in 1975 and is on the "Frank Harte: . . . and Listen To My Song" LP. Here are his notes:

MADAM I'M A DARLING — This is another version of the type of song similar to the Spanish Lady. I have no idea of its origin or of the reference in the first line to "Chester City". I heard the song at a session in Kerry where it is Rabelaisian humour was much to the delight of the locals. I am sure that if this song had been collected in Victorian times it would have been stripped of its honest humour to suit the taste of the drawing room, as has been done with the Spanish Lady and so many of the English and Scottish ballads. I give it to you as I heard and enjoyed it. Another version called "As I strayed Through Dublin City" is very similar to this song.

Madam, I'm a Darling (Chester City)- sung by Frank Harte, 1975

As I came down to Chester City,
In the dark hour late at night
Who should I meet but a fair young maiden
Washing her clothes by the broad moon light

Chorus: Madam I'm a darling a-di-ro-didero
       Madam I'm a darling a-di-ro-dee

First she washed them, then she squeezed them
Then she hung them up to dry
Then she folded up her arms
Saying what a nice young girl am I!

Going to the well for a pail of water
Bringing it home for to make the tea
She fell over, I fell under
All the game was above the knee

Madam I will tie your garter,
I'll tie it above the knee
If you like, I'll tie it up farther
Madam I'm a darling a di-ro-dee

Madam you have gold and silver
Madam, you have tracts of land
Madam you ships on the ocean
All you need is a nice young man!

It also appears in "Songs of Dublin" edited by Frank Harte in 1978.

* * * *

A second version can be heard here:
http://www.dublincity.ie/songs-murder-madams-and-mayhem/madam-im-darling They've changed the city to Dublin City.

Madam, I'm a Darling." Performed by Anne and Niamh Buckley

As I rode out through Dublin city
It being the dark hour twelve at night
Who should I see but a fair young maiden
Washing her clothes in the pale moon light

Chorus (after each verse):
Madam, I'm a darling, a di ro, a dither o
Madam, I'm a darling, a di ro dae

First she washed them, then she squeezed them
And then she hung them out to dry
Then she folded up her arms
Saying what a nice, young girl am I.

Going to the well for a pale of water
Fetching it home for to make some tae [tea]
She fell over, I fell under
All the game was above her knee

Madam, I will tie your garter
I will tie it above your knee
And if you like I'll tie it up further
Madam, I'm a darling, a di ro de
Madam, I'm a darling, a di ro de

Have you ever heard of cups and saucers
Rattlin' around in an auld tin can?
Have you ever heard of a fair, young maiden
Married to an ugly, gray old man?

And blue it is a lovely colour
Until it gets the second dip
Well that's the way with the old man courting
You never know till he gets those fits

Madam, you have gold and silver
And madam, you have tracks of land
Madam you have ships on the ocean
All you need is a fine, young man.

There is an additional stanza associated with Spanish Lady/Madam that begins: "And blue it is a lovely colour" See a similar stanza in the several of versions of the "Madam" family ("Madam, Madam, You Came Courting" sung by William Gilkie, Sambro, NS, September, 1950). The "Madam, I will tie your garter" stanza is common to the "Oh No John" songs.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 18 Aug 17 - 11:24 AM

Hi,

Making sense of the many variations of Spanish Lady is not easy. The Dubliners and also the Clancy Brothers (with Tommy Makem) both have similar arrangements that combine both Campbell's poem and Hughes arrangement. Here's my transcription of Clancy Brothers:

Spanish Lady- Tommy Makem and the Clancy Brothers from "Irish Pub Songs."

[instrumental, fiddle]

As I came into Dublin city,
At the hour of twelve at night,
Who should I spy but a Spanish lady,
Washing her feet by candlelight.
First she washed them, then she dried them
Over a fire of ambery coal,
In all my life I ne'er did see
A maid so sweet about the sole.

CHORUS:
Whack fol the toora, toora laddy
Whack fol the foora loora lay (2x)

As I came back through Dublin city
At the hour of half past eight
Who should I spy but the Spanish lady
Brushing her hair in the broad daylight.
First she brushed it, then she tossed it,
On her lap was a silver comb
In all my life I ne'er did see
A maid so sweet since I did roam.

CHORUS

As [yet again] I came back through Dublin city
As the sun began to set
Who should I spy but the Spanish lady
Catching a moth in a golden net.
When she saw me then she fled me
Lifting her petticoat o'er her knee
In all my life I ne'er did see
A maid so fair as the Spanish lady.

CHORUS

I've wandered north and I've wandered south
Through Stonybatter and Patrick's Close
Up and around the Gloucester Diamond
Back by Napper Tandy's house.
But old age has laid her hand on me [tempo slows]
Cold as a fire of ashy coal
But where is the lovely Spanish lady
Neat and sweet about the sole.

CHORUS 2X [original tempo]

* * * *

A second version, "Galway City" with stanzas of "Madam" was recorded by the Clancy Brothers with Tommy Makem in New York in 1965 and appears on their 1966, "Isn't It Grand Boys" album. Tommy Makem got it from: "Sean O'Boyle, the well-known folk collector and Gaelic scholar" [born June 14, 1946 in Armagh, Ireland].

Galway City- Clancy Brothers from Sean O'Boyle of Armahg

(He:) As I walked out through Galway City
At the hour of twelve at night,
Whom should I spy but a handsome damsel,
Combing her hair by candlelight.

Lassie, I have come a-courting,
Your kind favors for to win,
And if you'd but smile upon me,
Next Sunday night I'll call again.

Chorus: Raddy at a toodum, toodum, toodum,
Raddy at a toodum, toodum day.
Raddy at a toodum, toodum, toodum,
Raddy at a toodum, toodum day.

(She:) So to me you came a-courting,
My kind favors for to win,
But 'twould give me the greatest pleasure
If you never did call again.

What would I do, when I go walking,
Walking out in the morning dew?
What would I do when I go walking,
Walking out with a lad like you?
Chorus.

(He:) Lassie, I have gold and silver,
Lassie, I have houses and land.
Lassie, I have ships on the ocean,
They'll be all at your command.

(She:) What do I care with your ships on the ocean?
What do I care with your houses and land?
What do I care with your gold and silver?
All's I want is a handsome man.
Chorus

(He:) Did you ever see the grass in the morning,
All bedecked with jewels rare?
Did you ever see a handsome lassie,
Diamonds sparkling in her hair?

(She:) Did you ever see a copper kettle,
Mended with an old tin can?
Did you ever see a handsome lassie
Married off to an ugly man?

Note the last stanza is similar to the one collected in Tennessee in 1953 (see above).

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 17 Aug 17 - 11:24 AM

Hi,

TY Steve, will make that correction,

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Steve Gardham
Date: 17 Aug 17 - 11:05 AM

Some of these Campbells (if not all) should be 'Joseph'.


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 17 Aug 17 - 10:56 AM

Hi,

The other important arrangement of Spanish Lady (Spanish Lady V) was made by Irish composer Herbert Hughes (May 16, 1882– May 1, 1937).

The Spanish Lady. "Old Song." Adapted and arranged by H. Hughes. Dedicated to Hugh Campbell Stracathro. Publisher: London and New York : Boosey & Co, 1930. The 1930 recording with Hughes playing piano and McCafferty singing can be heard here: https://www.itma.ie/digital-library/sound/cid-230911

I walked down thro' Dublin city
At the hour of twelve at night,
who should I spy but a Spanish lady
Washing her feet by candlelight.

First she washed them and then she dried them,
Over a fire of ambery coal,
In all my life I ne'er did see,
A maid so neat about the sole.

CHORUS: Whack for the toora, loora lady
Whack for the toora loora lee.
Whack for the toora, loora lady
Whack for the toora loora lee.

As I came back thro' Dublin city
At the hour of half past eight
Who should I spy but a Spanish lady
Brushing her hair in broad daylight.

First she tossed it, then she brushed it,
On her lap was a silver comb
In all my life I ne'er did see
So fair a maid since I did roam.

CHORUS:

As I went down thro' Dublin city,
When the sun began to set,
Who should I see but the Spanish lady
Catching a moth in a golden net.

When she saw me, then she fled me
Lifting her petticoat over the knee
In all my life I ne'er did spy
A maid so blithe as the Spanish lady!

CHORUS:

Hughes text has also entered tradition. There are five specific variants of the Spanish Lady, some used in the courting songs:

Spanish Lady I: Derived from the 1776 bawdy song which has been reworked. The first two stanzas are found in tradition with Spanish Lady instead of "pretty maid" and are followed by stanzas of "Madam" sometimes with the "Twenty-Eighteen" chorus and/or other choruses.
Spanish Lady II: The Spanish Lady as found in "No Sir" and "Oh No, John." She is the daughter of a Spanish merchant or Spanish sailor or captain.
Spanish Lady III: The Spanish Lady found as the poem of the same title by Irish poet Joseph Campbell based off the first two stanzas he collected of Spanish Lady I. Campbell's poem is sung and has entered tradition and is sometime sung with the "Twenty-Eighteen" chorus and/or other choruses.
Spanish Lady IV: The name "Spanish Lady" is found replacing "lovely creature" in a number of versions including children's game songs. "Here sits a Spanish lady" [JAF, Ontario, 1909 children's song]; See also Cox, Folk Songs of the South, 1925.
Spanish Lady V: An arrangement with new text of Spanish Lady for piano and voice by Irish composer Herbert Hughes. It was based on the first two stanzas (1911) supplied by Joseph Campbell from tradition. Hughes text also has entered tradition.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 16 Aug 17 - 09:22 PM

Hi,

This version of the Spanish Lady" is found in "Folk Songs of Middle Tennessee: The George Boswell Collection" edited by Charles K. Wolfe- 1997; also in "Bulletin - Volumes 42" - Page 140, 1974. "Carbon City" is found in the US but it resembles Frank Harte's "Chester City." Here's a rare version from North America:

"The Spanish Lady" sung by Nancy McCuddy Stevenson of Clarksville, TN on Dec. 5, 1953, learned from her father. (Compare the ending with Clancy Brothers version)

1. I went down to Carbon City,
Twelve or one o'clock at night,
There I saw a Spanish lady,
Dressing by the candlelight.

CHORUS: Larry a-ma-lowdin, liden, looden,
Larry a-ma-1owdin liden lay.

2. With a vessel of cold water
And a mirror in her hand,
With her hair down over her shoulders,
Like an angel she did stand.
Chorus:

3. I can drink and not get drowsy,
I can fight and not get slain.
I can court a Spanish lady
And be welcome back again
Chorus:

4. Did you ever see a pewter vessel,
Mended with a copper pan?
Did you ever see a Spanish lady,
Married to an Irishman?
Chorus:

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 16 Aug 17 - 08:02 PM

Hi Steve,

Patsy (Bland) Banister was born in Virginia in 1739 and died about the time her cousin John Randolph learned the stanza of "Madam." Her husband John Banister, was Delegate to Continental Congress and it was her servant, called Patience, that knew the ballad. I doubt the date when Patience learned the ballad that Randolph heard about 1780 will ever be known. Randolph, however, thought that it would have been known by the older servants indicating that at least he thought it to be older and local.

Since he was there and he heard the ballad sung, I defer to his assessment that Elizabeth Coalter might find the ballad sung by Old Aggy, his mother's handmaiden in 1769. Randolph thought the ballad to be older and passed down by the servants.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Steve Gardham
Date: 16 Aug 17 - 05:25 PM

Whilst there is is every possibility that the song is older than 1760 there is also equally every possibility that the song came over, either in print or orally, in about 1760 with English migrants and the servant girl had picked it up from one of them. Until further evidence presents itself the Aldermary Churchyard version at about 1760 is the oldest we can date it.

>>>seemed like it's much older<<< Is this a genuine feeling or just wishful thinking? Remember the 'Billy and Sally' incident which turned out to be a double hoax?


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 15 Aug 17 - 09:51 PM

Hi Steve,

The Randolph stanza from c.1780 seemed like it's much older since it was sung to him then by a "mulatto servant girl of my Cousin Patsy Banister, called Patience. . ." Since Randolph was born in Virginia, he didn't bring it over. Here's the complete excerpt from "John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833: A Biography. . ." by William Cabell Bruce - 1922:

A peculiar intimacy existed between John and one of the younger Banisters, and, in a letter to his niece, Elizabeth Tucker Coalter, dated Feb. 20, 1822, he furnishes us with some interesting evidence of his familiar footing, when a boy, with his Banister kin. "Do you know," he asks her, "a ballad that used to be sung to me, when I was a child, by a mulatto servant girl of my Cousin Patsy Banister, called Patience, about a rich suitor offering 'his lands so broad' and his golden store to a girl of spirit whose reply was somehow thus?

What care I for your golden treasures?
What care I for your house and land?
What care I for your costly pleasures?
So as I get but a handsome man.

Perhaps, old Aggy, who was my dear and honored mother's hand-maiden in 1769, when my father led her a spotless and blushing virgin to the altar, can remember it. I pry' thee get me that ballad. I can give you the tune." What could be more, to use one of Randolph's own phrases, a la Virginienne than the figures which this delightful scrap of retrospection brings before us; the "sassy" yellow girl disdainfully tossing her head, and yet but partly smothering the amorous glow behind her half-closed lids as she sings, the aged retainer, of whom we shall hear more anon, handed down from mother to daughter, and from daughter to granddaughter, and cherished not only for the sake of her own dog-like fidelity and simple virtues, but for the sake of the sacred dead, whose tire-woman she first was, and the old slave-holder, for even at forty-eight John Randolph was an old man in everything but years, still carrying in his memory, the words, and in his heart, the melody, of the bye-gone plantation ditty, unheard by his material ear, except perhaps when hummed by himself, for upwards of forty winters.


Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Steve Gardham
Date: 15 Aug 17 - 11:00 AM

Richie, even in the 18th century songs could cross the Atlantic in weeks. Printed versions could easily have been taken across by migrants and they do spread rapidly. Many migrants headed west to make their fortunes. It may well have been that your Virginia congressman's family brought a printed copy over.

Example, early 19th century German ballad translated into French and enters oral tradition, next turns up in Portugal, In the late 19th century is collected in oral tradition alive and well in Brasil.


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 15 Aug 17 - 07:28 AM

Hi,

The fact that "Madam" was sung in Virginia c. 1780 shows that the two English broadsides of c. 1760s were probably not the earliest prints.

There are a number of significant versions of "Madam" from North America as well as a traditional stanza from "Madam, I Have Come to Court You" which dates this song to the late 1700s in the US. In 1822 Virginia Congressman and Senator John Randolph (1773-1833) born in Cawsons, Virginia, wrote his niece and asked if she had heard a ballad with the following verse that he had heard as a child:

What care I for your golden treasures?
What care I for your house and land?
What care I for your costly pleasures?
So as I get but a handsome man.

This dates the song to c.1780 in Virginia. To reach America "Madam" would have to first be tradition in England and then have been brought to Virginia-- events that took time in the 1700s. The first full US version, "Yonder Stands a Handsome Lady" was collected from the journal of the Diana, a ship harbored in New York under Captain Hay in 1819. Here's the text from Hungtington's "Songs the Whalemen Sang":

Yonder stands a handsome lady
Who she is I do not know
Shall I yon and court her for her beauty
What says you madam yes or no.

Madam I have gold and silver
Madam I have house and land
Madam I have a world of treasures
And all shall be at your command

What care I for your gold and silver
What care I for your house and land
What care I for your world of treasures
All I want is a handsome man

Madam do not count on beauty
Beauty is a flower that will soon decay
The brightest flower in the midst of summer
In the fall it will fade away.

The sweetest apple soon is rotten
The hottest love now soon is cold
A young man's word is soon forgotten
The coffin is the end of young and old.

A man may drink and not be drunken
A man may fight and not be slain
A man may court a handsome lady,
And be welcome there again.

The verses are standard except the last verse which is similarly found in Barnyards of Delgaty. This version also was probably known in the 1700s in America.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 14 Aug 17 - 09:45 PM

Hi,

The original (c.1760s) broadsides of "Madam" must have been popular in England by the 1850s. In his 1846 book, "The Nursery Rhymes of England, obtained principally from oral tradition," Halliwell gives this English version:

"MADAM, I am come to court you,
If your favour I can gain."
"Ah, ah!" said she, "you are a bold fellow,
If I e'er see your face again!"

"Madam, I have rings and diamonds,
Madam, I have houses and land,
Madam, I have a world of treasure,
All shall be at your command."

"I care not for rings and diamonds,
I care not for houses and lands,
I care not for a world of treasure,
So that I have but a handsome man."

"Madam, you think much of beauty,
Beauty hasteneth to decay,
For the fairest of flowers that grow in summer
Will decay and fade away.

Although missing the opening stanza, this short version has many of the core stanzas. It was published in several of editions of Nursery songs in 1846 and reprinted many times. In 1911 a version of "Madam" was titled after the Ripest Apple stanza. It was collected from Hampshire gypsies by Alice Gillington and published in her 1911 book of gypsy songs titled, "Songs of the Open Road":

Ripe is the Apple Love

Ripe is the apple love, that soon will be rotten, love,
Hot is the love that will soon be cold,
Young man's beauty will soon be forgotten,
Maids take care be not too bold.

"O madam, O madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, O madam, I have houses and land;
Madam, O madam, I've a world of treasure,
And to be at your command!"

What care I for the world of treasure,
What care I for the houses and land?
What care I for rings and silver,
So all I gain is a handsome man?

Handsome men are out of fashion!
Young women's beauty will not stay!
like the fairest flower in the midst of summer
It will die and fade away.

Subsequently other songs with the Ripest Apple stanza were sometimes titled "Ripest Apple." According to Steve Gardham the Roud master title for "Madam" is "Ripest Apple" although it is at best a secondary stanza. An example of a version from the 1960s follows. Here is a version correctly titled Ripest Apples that was collected from Copper family:

   Ripest Apples

Ripest apples soon gets rotten,
Hottest love it soon gets cold.
Young man's love is soon forgotten.
Since the girls have been so bold.

Twenty, eighteen, sixteen, fourteen.
Twelve, ten, eight, six, four, two, none.
Nineteen, seventeen, fifteen, thirteen.
Eleven, nine, seven, five, three and one.

Though I never went to college, but I heard the poet say:
Twenty, eighteen, sixteen, fourteen, twelve, ten, eight, six, four, two, none.

The notes for Veteran Recording VT115 say: In 'The Copper Family Song Book - A Living Tradition' (1995) Bob Copper, while relating to his family's version of this song, says that this was the shortest song Jim (Copper) knew and he had developed a terrific speed in the chorus ' … Twenty, eighteen, etc.', and thereby frequently qualified for the free pint of beer offered by the landlord of the local inn to be first man to sing a song."

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 13 Aug 17 - 08:39 AM

Hi,

Scotland and Ireland were not the only source of the "Spanish Lady" opening stanza. Here's is a version from Five English Folk Songs taken from Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Dec., 1934), pp. 130-137:

TWENTY, EIGHTEEN [MADAM, I HAVE COME TO COURT YOU.]
Sung by FRED YELDHAM, July 12th, 1911, and on Oct. 5th, 1911 by Mrs. Hollingsworth, Thaxted. Noted by CLIVE CAREY.

1. As I walked through London city
After twelve o'clock at night,
There I saw a Spanish lady
Washing and ironing by candle light.

CHORUS: Fal the ral the riddle al the ray-do,
Fal the ral the rid-dle all the day,
Fal the ral the rid-dle all the ray-do,
Fal lal la the rid-dle all the day.

Twenty, eighteen, sixteen, fourteen, twelve, ten, eight, six, four, two, none;
Nine-teen, seventeen, fifteen, thirteen, eleven, nine, seven, five, three, and one.

2. Madam I have come to court you
If your favour I should win;
If you make me kindly welcome
Then perhaps I'll come again.
Chorus, etc.

3. Madam I've got rings and jewels,
Madam I've got house and land,
Madam I've the world of treasure,
If you'll be at my command.
Chorus, etc.

4. What care I for your rings and jewels,
What care I for your house and land,
What care I for your world of treasure,
All I want is a handsome man.
Chorus, etc.

5. Madam you trust much in beauty,
Beauty dies and fades away.
The finest flower in the garden growing,
Summer goes it fades away.
Chorus, etc.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 11 Aug 17 - 11:03 PM

Hi,

The name, "Spanish Lady" is found in several variants:

1) Scottish (Grieg-Duncan) and Irish traditional versions presented above from the late 1800s and early 1900s. These versions suggest an intermediary antecedent rewritten from the bawdy print version of the late 1700s.
2) Campbell's poem and subsequent versions based on Campbell's poem.
3) Some versions of "Oh No John."
4) The Mary Wakefield version of "No Sir" as well as subsequent version based on it.
5) Traditional versions of "No Sir."
6) Versions of "Madam" with Spanish Lady replacing "Lovely Creature" (see for example, Cox's "Spanish Lady" in Folk Songs from the South, dated 1916 but years earlier).

Although we don't know when Spanish Lady replaced the "pretty maid" of the bawdy songs, it must have happened by the early 1800s to have been distributed to remote areas of America, Ireland and Scotland.

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Reinhard
Date: 10 Aug 17 - 04:03 PM

Pete Coe explains in the liner notes of his recent CD The Man in the Red Van:

A 'Poddle swaddy' is a local working class lad [from Poddle, a small river in Dublin], a 'mott' is a girl friend or mistress and a 'sizar' is a poor scholarship student at Trinity College.


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 10 Aug 17 - 03:29 PM

Hi,

TY Martin- it is poddle (my typo) and I'll fix that. It's also "swaddy" and tho it could be "squaddy" it's not the way Campbell's original text appears,

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: GUEST,Martin Ryan
Date: 10 Aug 17 - 03:15 PM

"Poddle" rather than "Poodle", methinks - it's a Dublin river. To me, "swaddy" should be "squaddy" - but I've a vague memory of another argument?

Regards


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 10 Aug 17 - 09:05 AM

Hi,

"Spanish Lady" by Joseph Campbell (1879-1944)

As I went out through Dublin City,
At the hour of twelve o´clock at night,
Who should I see but a Spanish lady,
Washing her feet by candle light.
First she washed them and then she dried them,
Over a fire of ambery coal,
In all my life I never did see,
A maid so neat about the sole.

I stopped to peep but the watchman passed,
And says, "Young fellow, the night is late,
Get home to bed or I'll wrastle you,
At a double trot through the Bridewell gate!
So I waved a kiss to the Spanish lady
Hot as the fire of cramsey coals
I've seen dark maids though never one
So white and neat about the sole.

Oh she´s too rich for a poddle swaddy
With her tortoise comb and her mantle fine
A hellfire buck would fit her better,
Drinking brandy and claret wine.
I'm just a decent college sizar,
Poor as a sod of smouldering coal,
And how would I dress the Spanish lady,
And she so neat about the sole?

O, she'd make a mott for the Provost Marshal,
Or a wife for the Mayor in his coach so high,
Or a queen of Andalusia,
Kicking her heel in the Cardinal's eye.
I'm as blue as cockles, brown as herrings,
Over a grid of glimmery coal,
And all because of the Spanish lady,
So mortial neat about the sole.

I wandered north and I wandered south,
By Golden Lane and Patrick's Close,
The Coombe, Smithfield and Stoneybatter,
Back by Napper Tandy's house.
Old age has laid its hand upon me
Cold as a fire of ashy coal
And where is the lovely Spanish lady
The maid so neat about the sole?

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 09 Aug 17 - 07:06 PM

Hi,

I have some info supplied by Steve Gardham. The two stanzas of Campbell's poem (above) are from tradition. The rest was recreated by Campbell and has become the Irish song "The Spanish Lady." The two traditional stanzas are:

As I walked down thro' Dublin City
At the hour of twelve in the night,
Who should I see but a Spanish lady
Washing her feet by candlelight.

First she washed them, and then she dried them
Over a fire of amber coal:
Never in all my life did I see
A maid so neat about the sole!

An intermediate arrangement such as the one Campbell collected was also used in the Scottish versions of the Spanish Lady (see Grieg's version in last post).

An antecedent of the two stanzas collected by Campbell is found in the erotic folksong collection of the late 18th century, "The Frisky Songster." The 1776 edition is found online in the Jack Horntip Collection. It was first printed circa 1770 in London, or Dublin. Reprint copies include (1776) Bodleian, Harding Collection; (1802), Kinsey-ISR Library. Here are the first stanzas which compare to Campbell's version and to the Scottish versions:

SONG LXXXIII.

AS I went through London city,
Twas at twelve o'clock at night,
There I saw a damsel pretty,
Washing her joke by candle-light.

When she wash'd it then she dr'd it,
The hair was black as coal upon it
In all my lif I never saw,
A girl who had so fine a c--t.

The remainder of the bawdy song is not applicable to the evolution of the stanzas which become The Spanish Lady. The song was reprinted in "The Merry Muses: A Choice Collection of Favourite Songs Gathered by Robert Burns" in 1827 as "The Ride in London" with the same text: https://books.google.com/books?id=XZVkAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA115&dq=%22AS+I+went+through+London+city%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3u-K_1MzV

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 08 Aug 17 - 10:37 PM

Hi,

I'm wondering about he source of the Irish song, "The Spanish Lady." Here's a standard set of text:

Spanish Lady

As I went down to Dublin city,
at the hour of twelve at night,
Who should I see but a Spanish lady,
washing her feet by candlelight.
First she washed them,
then she dried them over a fire of amber coal,
In all my life I ne'er did see
a maid so sweet about the soul

CHORUS:
Whack fol the toora, toora laddy
Whack fol the foora loora lay

As I came back through Dublin city
at the hour of half past eight
Who should I spy but the Spanish lady
brushing her hair in the broad daylight.
First she tossed it, then she brushed it,
on her lap was a silver comb
In all my life I ne'er did see
a maid so fair since I did roam. CHORUS

As I went back through Dublin city
as the sun began to set
Who should I spy but the Spanish lady
catching a moth in a golden net.
When she saw me then she fled me
lifting her petticoat over her knee
In all my life I ne'er did see
a maid so shy as the Spanish lady. CHORUS

I've wandered north and I've wandered south
through Stonybatter and Patrick's Close
Up and around the Gloucester Diamond
and back by Napper Tandy's house.
Old age has laid her hand on me
cold as a fire of ashy coals
In all my life I ne'er did see
a maid so sweet as the Spanish lady. CHORUS

I can't see any relationship with this and the courting song, "Madam" or the "No Sir" or "Oh No" versions that have Spanish Captain stanza. Is there any relationship?

Obviously the "counting chorus" or "Twenty, Eighteen" has been added (see Frank Harte's version) and sometimes the Wheel of Fortune stanza is added after (see the Scottish "Wheel of Fortune" above) to extend the chorus.

In this Scottish version the beginning of the Irish "Spanish Lady" is used:   

Spanish Lady - sung by Mary Cruickshank of Aberdeenshire; collectd Greig, published in 1910.

As I went up thro' Edinburgh city, half-past twelve o'clock at night,
There I spied a Spanish lady dressing herself with candle light.

She had a basin full of water and a towel into her hand.
Five gold rings on every finger, like an angel she did stand.

Oh she was a charming creature, what she is I do not know.
But I'll go court her for her beauty, whether she be high or low.

"Madam, I am come to court you, if your favour I could gain.
If you gently entertain me maybe I'll come back again."

"Sit ye doon, ye're harty welcome, whether ye come back or no.
All I want is a handsome young man whether he be high or low."

"Madam, ye talk much of beauty, that's a flower will soon decay.
The fairest flower in all the summer, when winter comes it doth fade away."

* * * *

Joseph Campbell included two stanzas of The Spanish Lady that he took down in Donegal in 1911 in his play:

Judgment: A Play in Two Acts
By Joseph Campbell, 1912

The Stranger breaks into a verse of a song.

As I walked down thro' Dublin City
At the hour of twelve in the night,
Who should I see but a Spanish lady
Washing her feet by candlelight.

First she washed them, and then she dried them
Over a fire of amber coal:
Never in all my life did I see
A maid. . .

John (endeavouring to talk the song down). When'll the coffin be here, Owen?
Stranger. Can't you listen? It's a good song.

Never in all my life did I see
A maid so neat about the sole!


* * * *

So what is the earliest source of this Irish "Spanish Lady" text?

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 06 Aug 17 - 04:43 PM

Hi,

"Madam" is also known as a children's song in North America-- the following examples correspond to the time of the UK versions by Gomme, published 1894.

From Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, Volume 37, 1886.

Song Games and Myth Dramas at Washington,
by W. H. Babcock

There are other ring—games in which love does not divide the interest with death, but forms the sole subject-matter. In one of these what must have been originally a dialogue is blended into a continuous song, in which all join:

Here she stands, a lovely creature;
Who she is I do not know.

Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have ships on the ocean,
Madam, I have house and land.

What care I for your gold and silver?
What care I for ships on the ocean?
What care I for house and land?
All I want is a fine young man.

Then a member of the ring is selected by the one in the middle to take his or her place.

* * * *

Journal of American Folklore, Volume 31, 1917.

"Canadian Folk-Lore from Ontario" by F.W. Waugh

Play Rhymes

A Cornwall informant quotes (Dec. 11, 1909) a version formerly heard at Colborne, Ont., which he supposes to be Irish.

"Here sits a Spanish lady,
Who she is I do not know.
Come and court her for her beauty,
Whether she say yes or no."

The next verse began, –

"Madam, I have come a-courting,
Your kind favor to obtain."

The young man set forth his qualifications: —

"Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have houses and land;
Madam, I have ships on the ocean,
And they're all at your command."

The lady then scornfully remarked,

"What care I for your gold and silver?
What care I for your houses and land?
What care I for ships on the ocean?
All I want is a nice young man."

The young man then returned, –

"Madam, I have gold, etc.,
And, besides, I'm a nice young man," —

after which they both lived happily.

* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 05 Aug 17 - 03:49 PM

Hi,

"The Roving Sailor" or "Come my Little Roving Sailor" is an Irish and also American variant related to the melody of "Oh No John" (Billy Taylor). It's known as a play-party or dance song. Here's one text from Sharp's EFSSA:

THE ROVING SAILOR Sung by Mr. Jacob Sowder at Callaway, Franklin Co., Va., August 14th 1918.

Come my little roving sailor,
Come my little roving bee,
Come my little roving sailor,
Roving sailor, will you marry me?

Madam, I have gold and silver,
Madam, I have house and land,
Madam, I have a world of pleasure,
All shall be at your command.

What cares I for your gold and silver?
What cares I for you house and land?
What cares I for a world of pleasure?
All I wants is a handsome man.

Madam, do not stand on beauty,
Beauty is a fading flower;
The best rose in yonders garden
Fade away in one half an hour.

First they'll hug you and then they'll kiss you,
Then they'll call you honey, my dear.
They'll tell you more in half an hour
Than you'll find true in seven long years.

If anyone knows any Irish or UK variants, please post them,

TY

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 05 Aug 17 - 12:32 PM

Hi,

Another variant from the 1800s are the children's games versions usually appearing as these two titles: "On a Mountain Stands a Lady" and "Lady on Yonder Hill." I have not been able to trace them earlier to the 1700s-- anyone that has any old versions please post or provide info. Clearly they are related to "Madam, I am come to Court You" which is used for the first stanza. The following is from "Dictionary of British Folk-lore, Volume 1" edited by G. Laurence Gomme, 1894:


I. There stands a lady on the mountain,
    Who she is I do not know;
    All she wants is gold and silver,
    All she wants is a nice young man.
Choose one, choose two, choose the fairest one of the two.
   The fairest one that I can see,
   Is pretty, walk with me.

—Barnes, Surrey (A. B. Gomme).

II. There lives a lady on the mountain,
   Who she is I do not know;
   All she wants is gold and silver,
   All she wants is a nice young man.

Choose one, choose two,
Choose the fairest of the few.
Now you're married I wish you joy,
Father and mother you must obey;
Love one another like sister and brother,
And pray, young couple, come kiss one another.

—Colchester (Miss G. M. Frances).

III. Here stands a lady on a mountain,
    Who she is I do not know;
    All she wants is gold and silver,
    All she wants is a nice young man.

Choose you east, and choose you west,
Choose you the one as you love best.

Now Sally's got married we wish her good joy,
First a girl and then a boy;
Twelve months a'ter a son and da'ter,
Pray young couple, kiss together.

—Berrington (Shropshire Folk-lore, pp. 509, 510).

IV. Stands a lady on the mountain,
    Who she is I do not know;
      All she wants is gold and silver,
      All she wants is a nice young beau.
    Take her by the lily-white hand,
    Lead her across the water;
    Give her kisses, one, two, three,
    For she is her mother's daughter.

—Shipley, Horsham (Notes and Queries,
      8th series, i. 210, Miss Husk).

V. There stands a lady on a mountain,
   Who she is I do not know;
   All she wants is gold and silver,
   All she wants is a nice young man.

Now she's married I wish her joy,
First a girl and then a boy;
Seven years after son and daughter,
Pray young couple kiss together.

Kiss her once, kiss her twice,
Kiss her three times three.

—Wrotham, Kent (Miss D. Kimball).

VI. There stands a lady on the ocean [mountain],
    Who she is I do not know her;
    All she wants is gold or silver,
    All she wants is a nice young man.

      Choose once, choose twice,
      Choose three times over.

Now you're married I wish you joy,
First a girl and then a boy;
Seven years old a son and daughter,
Play and cuddle and kiss together.

Kiss her once, kiss her twice,
Kiss her three times over. —Deptford (Miss Chase).

VII. There stands a lady on the mountain,
    Who she is I do not know:
    Oh! she wants such gold and silver!
    Oh! she wants such a nice young man!

Now you're married I wish you joy,
First a girl and then a boy;
Seven years after a son and a daughter,
Kiss your bride and come out of the ring.

—Berkshire (Miss Thoyts, Antiquary, xxvii. 254).

(V) A ring is formed, one child in the centre. The ring sing the first verse, and then the centre child chooses one from the ring. The chosen pair kiss when the ring has sung the second. The first child then joins the ring, and the game begins again. In the Barnes version the centre child calls one to her from the ring by singing the second verse and naming the child she chooses.

(c) A version from Lady C. Gurdon's Suffolk County Folklore (p. 62) is the same as previous versions, except that it ends— Now you're married you must be good,

Make your husband chop the wood; Chop it fine and bring it in, Give three kisses in the ring. Other versions are much the same as the examples given.

(d) This game has probably had its origin in a ballad. Miss Burne draws attention to its resemblance to the " Disdainful Lady" (Shropshire Folk-lore, p. 561), and H alii well mentions a nursery rhyme (No. cccclxxix.) which is very similar. Mr. Newell (Games, p. 55) prints words and tune of a song which is very similar to that ballad, and he mentions the fact that he has seen it played as a round by the "Arabs of the street." He considers it to be an old English song which has been fitted for a ring game by the addition of a verse. See "Lady on Yonder Hill."

Lady on Yonder Hill

I. Yonder stands a lovely lady,
   Whom she be I do not know;
   I'll go court her for my beauty,
   Whether she say me yea or nay.
    Madam, to thee I humbly bow and bend.
    Sir, I take thee not to be my friend.
    Oh, if the good fairy doesn't come I shall die.

—Derbyshire (Folk-lore Journal, i. 387).

11. There stands a lady on yonder hill,
   Who she is I cannot tell;
   I'll go and court her for her beauty,
   Whether she answers me yes or no.
    Madam, I bow vounce to thee.
    Sir, have I done thee any harm?
    Coxconian!
Coxconian is not my name; 'tis Hers and Kers, and Willis and Cave.
Stab me, ha! ha! little I fear.
Over the waters there are but nine, I'll meet you a man alive.
Over the waters there are but ten, I'll meet you there five thousand.

Rise up, rise up, my pretty fair maid,
You're only in a trance;
Rise up, rise up, my pretty fair maid,
And we will have a dance.

—Lady C. Gurdon's Suffolk County Folk-lore, p. 65.

(b) In the Suffolk game the children form a ring, a boy and girl being in the centre. The boy is called a gentleman and the girl a lady. The gentleman commences by singing the first verse. Then they say alternately the questions and answers. When the gentleman says the lines commencing, "Stab me," he pretends to stab the lady, who falls on the ground. Then he walks round the lady and sings the last verse, "Rise up," and lifts up the lady. In the Derbyshire game only three children play, the lover, lady, and fairy. The girl stands a little distance oft". The lover says the first four lines, then approaches the lady, falls on one knee, and says the next line. The lady replies, and retires further away. The lover then falls on the ground and says the next line. As this is said the good fairy appears, touches the fallen lover with her hand, and he is immediately well again.

(c) This is a curious game, and is perhaps derived from a ballad which had been popular from some more or less local circumstance, or more probably it may be a portion of an old play acted in booths at fair times by strolling players. It is not, as far as I can find out, played in any other counties. The lines—•

Over the water at the hour of ten,
I'll meet you with five thousand men;
Over the water at the hour of five,
I'll meet you there if I'm alive,

are portions of a dialogue familiar to Mr. Emslie, and also occur in some mumming plays. It may also be noted that the curing of illness or death from a stab is an incident in these plays, as is also the method of playing. The first lines are similar to those of "Lady on the Mountain," which see.
* * * *

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 04 Aug 17 - 11:39 PM

Hi,

"No Sir" was very popular in US (see text above) and widely printed there in the late 1800s. The first extant printed version of "No Sir" was W. F. Shaw's version with music arranged by Miss A. M. Wakefield that calls the song a "Spanish Ballad" which was "Sung by the leading Minstrels." According to Cecil Sharp her arrangement was very popular. He reports a quote from her in Somerset Folk Songs, "I first heard something like this from an American Governess. . . neither words or music were at all complete. I wrote it down and it got a good deal altered. I never regarded it as a folk song." [quote from Mary Wakefield, a talented singer from Kendal, b. 1853]

The print version of "No Sir" was reprinted a number of times and was "very popular." It entered tradition and versions have been titled "Spanish Merchant's Daughter" or "Spanish Captain" and also "Spanish Lady." It was was sung in the US and UK in the early 1900s sometimes mixed with stanzas of "Madam." Since the printed "minstrel" version of "No Sir" was adapted from tradition, the stanzas are from pre1881 tradition. Any version with the exact same order and the "No Sir" chorus is obviously from print. The 1916 version in the Wolford book "The Play-Party in Indiana" is exactly like the 1881 print.

Even though "Oh No John" is very similar and has the "Spanish captain" stanza there are differences. In both versions the suitor asks questions expecting a "No" answer so he can win his love even with a "No" response. When the core stanzas of "No Sir" and "Oh No John"are compared, only have the Spanish Captain stanza is held in common. There are a number of composites and separating the two would be difficult but the print version of No Sir is different. The fundamental "Oh John version was collected by Cecil Sharp in 1907 from William Wooley of Bincombe, Over Stowey, but heavily revised. Sharp compares the melody to Billy Taylor and relates that the theme is similar to Keys of Heaven, another courting song.

Oh No John (first two stanzas from William Wooley of Bincombe in 1907, composite of 4 versions)

On yonder hill there stands a creature,
Who she is I do not know.
I'll go and court her for her beauty;
She must answer Yes or No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

My father was a Spanish captain -
Went to sea a month ago,
First he kissed me, then he left me -
Bid me always answer No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

O Madam in your face is beauty,
On your lips red roses grow,
Will you take me for your lover?
Madam, answer Yes or No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

0 Madam, I will give you jewels,
I will make you rich and free,
1 will give you silken dresses;
Madam, will you marry me?
Oh No, John! No John! No, John! No!

O Madam since you are so cruel,
And that you do scorn me so,
If I may not be your lover,
Madam, will you let me go?
O No John! No John! No John! No!

O hark! I hear the church bells ringing,
Will you come to be my wife?
Or dear Madam, have you settled
To live single all your life?
O No John! No John! No John! No!

Woolsey's original version has a "garter" stanza and is much racier which is why Sharp changed it. Here's Woolsey's original text from Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) (CJS2/9/1285):

Oh No John

On yonder hill there stands a creature,
Who she is I do not know.
I'll go and court her for her beauty;
She must answer Yes or No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

On her bosom were bunches of posies,
On her breast where flowers grow,
If I've a chance to touch that posy
She must answer Yes or No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

My father was a Spanish captain -
Went to sea but a month ago,
And the very last time we kissed and parted,
He always bid me answer No.
O No John! No John! No John! No!

"Madam, shall I tie your garter?
Tie it a little above your knee,
If my hand should slip a little farther
Would you think it amiss of me?"
O No John! No John! No John! No!

One night they went to bed we together
There they lay till cocks did crow
Then they sport till the daylight was breaking
Now it's time for us to go.
O No John! No John! No John! No!
****

Richie


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Subject: RE: Origins: Madam, I Have Come To Court You
From: Richie
Date: 04 Aug 17 - 11:33 AM

TY Joe,

Here's Michael Stipe of REM fame and Natalie Merchant singing an ad lib duet of "The Counting Song" at a live performance in 1989. How they got Alexander Harley's version of "The Wheels of Fortune" (see lyrics three post back) I don't know:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2id_GPZBGc

Richie


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